Current Countries by Founding Dates

Flag of the World (FOTW)

There are 197 independent countries in the world.
193 of these are fully recognized members of the United Nations.
Vatican City and Palestine are permanent observers of the United Nations.

Most dates prior to 1400 appear uncertain to me. Due to this, I have left out the statistics for dates prior to 1400 in the following list contained within this introductory portion of my article.
The following information is nearly exact and is taken from the body of this article’s information;

There are currently 3 independent countries in the world that were allegedly established in the 1400s.
There are currently 8 independent countries that were allegedly established in the 1500s.
There is 1 independent country and 7 dependent territories that were established in the 1600s.
There are 7 independent countries and 1 dependent territory established in the 1700s.
There are 34 independent countries and 10 dependent territories established in the 1800s.
There are 139 independent countries and 12 dependent territories established in the 1900s.
There are 3 independent countries and 2 dependent territories established in the 21st century.
I am unsure of 1 location.

Approximately 1.5% of today’s countries were established in the 1400s.
Approximately 4% of today’s countries were established in the 1500s.
Approximately 0.5% of today’s countries were established in the 1600s.
Approximately 3% of today’s countries were established in the 1700s.
Approximately 17% of today’s countries were established in the 1800s.
Approximately 70.5% of today’s countries were established in the 1900s.
Approximately 1.5% of today’s countries were established in the 2000s.

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Africa

Africa has 1 independent country that was allegedly established in 1270. I have my doubts about this, so please email me information that can help establish an accurate date for Ethiopia.
It has 2 independent countries that were allegedly established in the 1400s. Please email me if you have information that can help confirm this.
It has 4 independent countries that were allegedly established in the 1500s.
It has 3 independent countries that were established in the 1800s.
It has 43 independent countries that were established in the 1900s.
It has 1 independent country that was established in 2011.

54 Independent Countries Total;

1270? – Ethiopian Empire founded?

1460? – Cape Verde founded?

1498?,March 1st? – Mozambique founded?

1503? – Comoros founded?

1504? – Sudan founded?

1515? – Algeria founded?

1575? – Angola founded?

1822, January 7th – Liberia founded

1879, November 17th – Democratic Republic of the Congo founded

1890 – Eritrea founded

1947, February 10th – Libya founded

1953 – Republic of Egypt founded

1956, March 20th – Tunisia founded

1956 – Morocco gains independence

1957, March 6th – Ghana founded

1958, October 2nd – Guinea founded

1960, January 1st – Cameroon founded

1960, April 4th – Senegal founded

1960, April 27th – Togo founded

1960, June 20th – Mali founded

1960, June 26th – Madagascar founded

1960, July 1st – Somalia founded

1960, August 1st – Benin founded

1960, August 3rd – Niger founded

1960, August 5th – Burkina Faso founded

1960, August 7th – Côte d’lvoire founded

1960, August 11th – Chad founded

1960, August 13th – Central African Republic (CAR) founded

1960, August 15th – Congo founded

1960, August 17th – Gabon founded

1960, September 30th – Botswana founded

1960, November 28th – Mauritania founded

1961, May 31st – South Africa founded

1961, December 9th – Tanzania founded

1962, July 1st – Burundi founded

1962, July 1st – Rwanda founded

1962, October 9th – Uganda founded

1963, October 1st – Nigeria founded

1963, December 12th – Kenya founded

1964, July 6th – Malawi founded

1964, October 24th – Zambia founded

1965, February 18th – Gambia founded

1965, November 11th – Zimbabwe founded

1966, October 4th – Lesotho founded

1968, March 12th – Mauritius founded

1968, September 6th – Eswatini founded

1968, October 12th – Equatorial Quinea founded

1971, April 19th – Sierra Leone founded

1973, September 24th – Guinea-Bissau founded

1975, July 12th – São Tomé and Príncipe founded

1976, June 29th – Seychelles founded

1977, June 27th – Djibouti founded

1990, February 9th – Namibia founded

2011, July 9th – South Sudan founded

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Asia

Asia has 1 independent country that was allegedly established in 660BC. I have my doubts about this dating and have included the date of 1868 which is the start of “modern Japan”.
It has 1 independent country which was allegedly established in 1238. I’d like more information about this, so please email me if you know something.
It has 1 independent country which was allegedly established in 1551.
It has 4 independent countries which were established in the 1700s.
It has 1 independent country which was established in 1898.
It has 41 independent countries which were established in the 1900s.
It has 1 independent country which was established in 2002.

50 Independent Countries Total;

660BC? – Japan founded (Modern Japan starts in 1868)

1238? – Thailand founded

1551? – Turkmenistan founded

1709, April 21st – Afghanistan founded

1752 – Kuwait founded

1768, September 25th – Nepal founded

1785 – Uzbekistan founded

1898, June 12th – Philippines founded

1907, December 17th – Bhutan founded

1912, January 1st – Taiwan founded

1918, May 28th – Armenia founded

1918, May 28th – Azerbaijan founded

1918, October 30th – Yemen founded

1921, April 11th – Jordan founded

1923, October 29th – Turkey founded

1924, October 14th – Kyrgyzstan founded

1924, October 27th – Tajikistan founded

1932, September 23rd – Saudi Arabia founded

1932, October 3rd – Iraq founded

1943, November 22nd – Lebanon founded

1945, August 17th – Indonesia founded

1945, September 2nd – Vietnam founded

1947, August 14th – Pakistan founded

1947, August 15th – India founded

1948, January 4th – Myanmar founded

1948, February 4th – Sri Lanka founded

1948, May 14th – Israel founded

1948, August 15th – South Korea founded

1948, September 9th – North Korea founded

1949, July 19th – Laos founded

1949, October 1st – China founded

1953, November 9th – Cambodia founded

1959, February 19th – Cyprus founded

1961, September 28th – Syria founded

1963, September 16th – Malaysia founded

1965, August 9th – Singapore founded

1968, November 11th – Maldives founded

1970, August 9th – Sultanate of Oman founded

1971, December 2nd – United Arab Emirates founded

1971, March 26th – Bangladesh

1971, August 14th – Bahrain founded

1971, September 3rd – Qatar founded

1979, April 1st – Iran founded

1984, January 1st – Brunei founded

1988, November 15th – State of Palestine founded

1991, December 10th – Kazakhstan founded

1991 – Georgia gains independence?

1991 – Russia founded

1992 – Mongolia founded

2002, May 20th – Timor-Leste founded

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Australia and Oceania

Australia and Oceania have 2 dependent territories that were established in the 1500s.
They have 1 dependent territories that were established in the 1790.
They have 2 independent countries and 5 dependent territories that were established in the 1800s.
They have 12 independent countries and 4 dependent territories that were established in the 1900s.

14 Independent Countries Total;

1856, May 7th – New Zealand founded

1889, June 14th – Samoa founded

1901, January 1st – Australia founded

1949, July 1st – Papua New Guinea founded

1968, January 31st – Nauru founded

1970, June 4th – Tonga founded

1970, October 10th – Fiji founded

1978, July 7th – Solomon Islands founded

1978, October 1st – Tuvalu founded

1979, July 12th – Kiribati founded

1979 – Marshall Islands founded

1979, May 10th – Micronesia founded

1980, July 30th – Vanuatu founded

1981, January 1st – Palau founded

12 Dependent Territories Total;

1565? – Northern Mariana Islands (USA) founded?

1565, April 27th? – Guam (USA) founded?

1790 – Pitcairn Islands (UK) founded

1841, December 20th – Wake Island (USA) discovered?

1842 – French Polynesia (France) founded

1853 – New Caledonia (France) founded

1856, November 1st – Norfolk Island (Australia) founded

1889, June 14th – American Samoa (USA) founded

1948 – Tokelau (New Zealand) founded

1959 – Wallis and Futuna (France) founded

1965, August 4th – Cook Islands (New Zealand) founded

1974, October 19th – Niue (New Zealand) founded

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Europe

Europe currently has 1 independent country which was allegedly founded in 681AD. I have my doubts about this and have included the notable “National Revival” of the 18th-19th century as a potentially more accurate date for when this country gained independence. Please email me information that you believe would be useful for clarifying when Bulgaria truly became known as an independent country.
It has 1 independent country that was established allegedly in 1025. I have added the 1918 date as a potential alternative because it appears to me that’s when they gain independence. Please email me information that you believe would be useful for clarifying when Poland truly became known as an independent country.
It has 2 independent countries that were allegedly established in the 1300s.
It has 1 independent country that was established in 1469.
It has 1 independent country that was established in the 1581.
It has 1 independent country that was established in 1600.
It has 2 independent countries that were established in 1700s.
It has 7 independent countries that were established in the 1800s.
It has 30 independent countries that were established in the 1900s.
It has 3 independent countries that were established in the 21st century.

49 countries;

681? – Bulgaria founded (National Revival 1762-1878)

1025? – Poland founded (2nd Polish Republic founded 1918, accession to EU in 2004)

1300? – Switzerland founded?

1397? – Sweden founded?

1469, January 20th – Spain founded

1581, July 26th – Netherlands founded

1600, October 8th – San Marino founded

1719, January 23rd, 1719 – Liechtenstein founded

1789 – July 14th – France founded

1814, May 17th – Norway founded

1814 – Denmark becomes independent from its union

1814 – Andorra “reestablished” by Royal Decree as independent

1815, March 15th – Luxembourg founded

1830 – Greece founded

1859, January 24th – Romania founded

1861 – Monaco’s sovereignty confirmed by Franco-Monegasque Treaty of 1861

1910, October 5th – Portugal founded

1912, November 28th – Albania becomes independent from the Ottoman Empire

1917, December 6th – Findland founded

1918, February 16th – Lithuania re-established as an independent republic

1918, February 24th – Estonia founded

1918, May 28th – Armenia founded

1918, November 12th – Austria founded

1918, November 18th – Latvia founded

1918, May 28th – Azerbaijan founded

1922 – United Kingdom founded

1923, October 29th – Turkey founded

1929, February 11th – Vatican City founded

1937, December 29th – Republic of Ireland founded

1944, June 17th – Iceland founded

1946, June 2nd, 1946 – Italy founded

1959, February 19th – Cyprus founded

1964 – Malta founded

1989, October 23rd – Hungary founded

1990 – Germany founded

1991 – Belarus founded

1991 – Croatia founded

1991 – Russia founded

1991, September 8th – Macedonia (FYROM)

1991, December 10th – Kazakhstan founded

1991 – Georgia gains independence?

1991 – part of Moldova declared independent as Republic of Moldova

1991, August 24th – Ukraine founded

1992 – Bosnia and Herzegovina founded

1993, January 1st – Czech Republic founded

1993, January 1st – Slovakia founded

2006, June 5th – Serbia founded

2006, July 3rd – Montenegro founded

2008 – Kosovo’s independence from Serbia is recognized by the USA and most members of the EU

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North America

North America currently has one dependent territory which appears to me to have been established in 1508.
It has 6 dependent territories that were established in the 1600s.
It has 1 independent country that was established in 1776.

It has 11 independent countries and 3 dependent territories that were established in the 1800s.
It has 11 independent countries and 8 dependent territories that were established in the 1900s.
It has 2 dependent territories that were established in the 21st century.
It has 1 dependent territory of which I’m not sure on an establishing date.

23 total;

1776, July 4th – United States of America founded

1804, January 1st – Haiti founded

1810, September 16th – Mexico founded

1821, September 15th – Costa Rica founded

1821, September 15th – El Salvador founded

1821, September 15th – Guatemala founded

1821, September 15th – Honduras founded

1821, September 15th – Nicaragua founded

1821, November 28th – Panama founded

1844, February 27th – Dominican Republic founded

1867, July 1st – Canada founded

1868, October 10th – Cuba founded

1962, August 6th – Jamaica founded

1962, August 31st – Trinidad and Tobago founded

1966, November 30th – Barbados founded

1967, February 27th – Saint Kitts and Nevis founded

1967, March 1st – Dominica founded

1967, March 1st – Saint Lucia founded

1969, October 27th – Saint Vincent and the Grenadines founded

1973, July 10th – Bahamas founded

1974, February 7th – Grenada founded

1981, September 21st – Belize founded

1981, November 1st – Antigua and Barbuda founded

22 Dependent Territories Total;

1508? – Puerto Rico (USA) founded?

1632 – Montserrat (UK) founded

1635 – Martinique (France) conquered by French

1636 – Bonaire (Netherlands) occupied by Dutch

1636 – Sint Eustatius (Netherlands) officially acquired by the Dutch

1648 – Saint Barthélemy (France) founded

1655 – Saint Martin (France) acquired by the French

1814 – Saint Pierre and Miquelon (France) founded

1816 – Saba (Netherlands) acquired by the Netherlands

1857 – Navassa Island (USA) claimed by USA

1917 – US Virgin Islands (USA) founded

1931 – Clipperton Island (France) established as French territory

1960 – British Virgin Islands (UK) founded

1962 – Cayman Islands (UK) founded

1968 – Bermuda (UK) gains a constitution, becomes UK territory in 1981

1979, May 1st – Greenland (Denmark) founded

1980 – Anguilla (UK) founded

1986 – Aruba (Netherlands) founded

2010, October 10th – Curaçao (Netherlands) founded

2010, October 10th – Sint Maarten (Netherlands) founded

???? – Turks and Caicos Islands (UK) ????

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South America

South America currently has 1 dependent territory which appears to me to have been established in the 1664.
It has 10 independent countries and 2 dependent territories that were established in the 1800s.
It has 2 independent countries which were established in the 1900s.

12 Independent Countries Total;

1809, August 10th – Ecuador founded

1810, May 25th – Argentina founded

1810, July 20th – Colombia founded

1810, September 18th – Chile founded

1811, May 14th – Paraguay founded

1811, July 5th – Venezuela founded

1821, July 28th, Peru founded

1822, September 7th – Brazil founded

1825, August 6th – Bolivia founded

1825, August 25th – Uruguay founded

1954, December 15th – Suriname founded

1970, February 23rd – Guyana founded

3 Dependent Territories Total;

1664? – French Guiana founded (France)

1820? – South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands (UK)

1833 – Falkland Islands founded (UK)

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References;

(1) – https://www.countries-ofthe-world.com

(2) – Google searches for founding dates

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