Provenance Studies

This article contains information about Provenance Studies. While typically Provenance Studies is mentioned in relation to geological studies, I am interested in Historical Provenance Studies. As far as I’m aware, there is no discipline yet that has this name in the historical arenas. ~~~~~ ~~~~~ ~~~~~ ~~~~~ M. R. James (1899) reports that he was… Continue Reading

The Anglo-Saxon Chronicle

The Anglo-Saxon Chronicle (ASC) is the most important historical source in English history for the period of 500-1189 AD. The ASC is made up of 7 manuscripts, labeled by M. R. James as A-F. The first attempt at printing the fragments of the ASC was made by by Professor Wheloc around 1644. The second attempt was… Continue Reading


This is the Ctruth Article of the Month for June, 2020. The topic for the Article of the Month is voted on each month by Ctruth patrons. The topic for the June 2020 article is science. A special thanks goes out from Ctruth to the Ctruth patrons. Thank you for your pledges and your votes.… Continue Reading

Ten Examples of Deception

People have been deceiving others throughout all of recorded human history. Studying the ways that deception has been employed in the past can help us avoid being deceived in the future. Be it a fake tunnel painted on a brick wall or an AI that convinces you it’s a human; deception can be tricky and… Continue Reading

Investigating The Parker Chronicle, ASC

The Parker Chronicle (Corpus Christi College, Cambridge, MS. 173) is a fundamental manuscript of the Anglo-Saxon Chronicles. Its siglum is A-Prime to distinguish it from “A – Cottonian Fragment (Corpus Christi College, Cambridge, MS. 173)”. It is also sometimes known as the A-version. While they are both in the same MS, they are two separate… Continue Reading

Scharmel Iris

Scharmel Iris (1889-1967) had an obsession with becoming recognized as a great American poet and committed forgery, plagiary, and imposture to become that. He would write letters under false names to hype up his reputation. He also did this to obtain resources and support. One of his pseudonyms was Vincent Holme. He had attempted to… Continue Reading