~~~~~ ~~~~~ ~~~~~ ~~~~~ Merriam-Webster Dictionary definitions Pseudo: being apparently rather than actually as stated : SHAM, SPURIOUS. Pseudoscience: a system of theories, assumptions, and methods erroneously regarded as scientific. Scientific: 1. of, relating to, or exhibiting the methods or principles of science.2. conducted in the manner of science or according to results of investigation by science : practicing or using… Continue Reading


Ctesias of Cnidus (5th century BC) was a Greek historian and physician from Cnidus in Caria. He is believed to be the author of two works named Indica and Persica. ~~~~~ ~~~~~ ~~~~~ ~~~~~ “Despite their significance to scholarship, the fragmentsof Ctesias have never been translated into English in their entirety.”– Andrew Nichols, The Complete… Continue Reading

Biography of Karl Wilhelm Ludwig Müller

Karl Wilhelm Ludwig Müller (1813-1894) was a German classicist. He is most commonly remembered for his Didot editions of fragmentary Greek authors, especially the monumental five-volume Fragmenta Historicorum Graecorum (1841–1870). ~~~~~ ~~~~~ ~~~~~ ~~~~~ 1813 – He is born in Clausthal, Germany. 1836 – He publishes De Aeschyli Septem Contra Thebas, Diss. 1841-1870 – Fragmenta Historicorum Graecorum 1846 – He publishes Arriani Anabasis et Indica.… Continue Reading

Antiochus of Syracuse

Antiochus of Syracuse is believed to have been a Greek historian who flourished around 420 BC. There is barely any information on the internet about him or his works that I could find from a brief search. He allegedly wrote two works:1 – History of Sicily2 – Colonizing of Italy These two works have no… Continue Reading

Stephanus of Byzantium

Stephenaus of Byzantium (fl.6th c. AD) might have lived under Justinian I and is considered the author of the important geographical dictionary, Ethnica. Only fragments survive of this work. His work was printed in 1502, 1568, 1678, 1688, 1692, and so on. ~~~~~ ~~~~~ ~~~~~ ~~~~~ Surviving Texts The main fragments of the work are… Continue Reading

Hecataeus of Miletus

“The question of the genuineness of the fragments of Hecataeus has been much debated. To refer only to recent discussions, Cobet decides summarily that not only the geographical fragments but also those of the work on ‘Genealogies’ are forgeries; as however, the great Dutch scholar devotes only seven pages to the discussion of the matter,… Continue Reading

Biography of Felix Jacoby

Felix Jacoby (1876-1959) was a Germen classicist and philologist. He is most commonly known for his work Fragmente der griechischen Historiker, a collection of text fragments attributed to ancient Greek historians. ~~~~~ ~~~~~ ~~~~~ ~~~~~ 1876 – He is born in Magdeburg to Jewish parents. c.1887 – He is baptised as a Protestant in St John’s… Continue Reading