Category: ThinkWell

Appeal to Anger

a.k.a.; Argumentum ad iram ~~~~~ ~~~~~ ~~~~~ ~~~~~ The appeal to anger fallacy is committed when a person claims anger as evidence for the validity of a claim. This fallacy can also be known as an appeal to hatre, an appeal to hate, or…

Selective Perception

~~~~~ ~~~~~ ~~~~~ ~~~~~ Selective perception is a cognitive bias. Selective perception is “the tendency for expectations to affect perception.” This can manifest as a tendency to ignore stimuli which contradict convictions and cause discomfort. This can be seen when a person is presented…

The Backfire Effect

The contents of this article cover the basics of the backfire effect. The information here is largely based upon the information presented by Full Fact in a publication from March 2019. ~~~~~ ~~~~~ ~~~~~ ~~~~~ What is the backfire effect? Definitions; (1) – Full…

Cryptomnesia

~~~~~ ~~~~~ ~~~~~ ~~~~~ Cryptomnesia is when someone has an idea or a memory that they either believe is new or originally theirs, but in reality it is not new or belongs to someone else. An example may be seen when someone who thinks…

Burden of Proof

~~~~~ ~~~~~ ~~~~~ ~~~~~ ~~~~~ ~~~~~ ~~~~~ The Burden of Proof (onus probandi) is when a party which claims a claim must provide substantiation for their claim. This proof is commonly required court rooms for proving someone to be innocent or guilty. The burden…

Illusory Truth Effect

~~~~~ ~~~~~ ~~~~~ ~~~~~ ~~~~~ ~~~~~ ~~~~~ The illusory truth effect can be seen when familiar statements are quicker to be accepted as true than unfamiliar statements (1). The wiki claims that it was “first identified in a 1977 study at Villanova University and…

Anchoring

Anchoring (1) is a cognitive bias which refers to when a person’s decision making is negatively impacted by relying too much on a base piece of information. That is to say, when a person ‘anchors’ on a specific base fact which obscures judgement and…

Availability Cascade

What is an availability cascade? from http://energyskeptic.com/2013/cognitive-bias/ – an availability cascade is – “a self-reinforcing process in which a collective belief gains more and more plausibility through its increasing repetition in public discourse (or “repeat something long enough and it will become true”).” When was the…

Magical Thinking

With Halloween right around the corner, this won’t be the last time you’ll hear of magic this month. You may have parties you’ll be attending, or houses you’ll be securing, but the thing that everyone has, the binding element that brings us together for…

Should Statements

Should statements are a form of cognitive distortion. Should statements are statements which claim things should be a certain way of which they are not. This is a fallacy because the should statement implies that reality got it wrong and that the person making…

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