Chronology Literature

Julius Africanus (160-240). Chronographia.
“…the first formally prepared Christian chronology…” [4, p.142]

Theophanes the Confessor (c.758/760-817/818). Chronicle (810-815). [1]

Heinrich Pantaleon (1522-1595). Diarium historicum (1572).

Paul Crusius. Liber de epochis (1578).

Joseph Justus Scaliger (1540-1609). Opus de emendatione temporum (1583). Thesaurus temporum (1606).

James Ussher (1581-1656). The Annals of the World (1650).

Dionysius Petavius (1583-1652). Opus de Doctrina Temporum (1627). The History of the World (1659).

Sir Isaac Newton (1642-1727). The Chronology of Ancient Kingdoms Amended (1728).

Thomas Hearne (1678-1735). Ductor historicus (1698).

William Hales (1747-1831). A new analysis of chronology (1809).

John Jackson (1752). Chronological Antiquities.

Henry Fynes Clinton (1781-1852). Fasti Hellenici (1824-1851). Fasti Romani (1845–1850).

John D. Blair (d.1782). The Chronology and History of the World (1754).

C. Philipp E. Nothaft (2011). Dating the Passion: The Life of Jesus and the Emergence of Scientific Chronology (200–1600).

Davis & Kräutli (2014). Scholarly chronographics: can a timeline be useful in historiography?

Chinese Chronology

Chu shu chi nien (Annals of the Bamboo Books), 3rd century BC. [2]

Pan Ku (d.92 AD). Ch’ien han shu (History of the Former Han Dynasty). [2]

Sima Tan and Sima Qian. Shiji (Records of the Grand Historian), c.94 AD.

Greek Chronology

Herodotus. Histories. 5th century BC.

Roman Chronology

Polybius (c.200-c.120). The Histories.

Cato the Elder. Origines. 2nd century BC.

Varro (116 – 27 B.C.). De lingua latina libri XXV (or On the Latin Language in 25 Books, of which six books (V–X) survive, partly mutilated), Rerum rusticarum libri III (or Agricultural Topics in Three Books).

Caesar (102/100-44). The Gallic Wars, The Civil Wars.

Cicero (106-43 BCE).

Sallust (c.86-35/34). The Histories.

Dionysius of Halicarnassus (60-7 BC). Rhōmaïke archaiologia (Roman Antiquities).

Livy (59 BC-17 AD). Ab Urbe Condita (History of Rome/From the Founding of the City).

Velleius Paterculus (19 BC-31 AD). Roman History.

Plutarch (c.46–c.119). Parallel Lives.

Tacitus (c.56-c.120). Histories.

Suetonius (c.69-122). The Twelve Caesars.

Florus (c.70-c.140). Epitome of Roman History.

Appian of Alexandria (c.95-165). Historia Romana (History of Rome).

Dio Cassius (c.150-235). Roman History.

Herodian (170-240). Roman History.

Eusebius of Caesarea (260-340). Ecclesiastical History. Chronicle (The History of Time from the Genesis to the Nicaean Council).

Orosius (375-418). Seven Books of History Against the Pagans.

Socrates Scholasticus (c.379-440). Historia ecclesiastica (Ecclesiastical History).

Theodoret (393-458). Historia ecclesiastica (Ecclesiastical History).

Eutropius (4th c. AD). Roman History.

Sozomen (c.400-450). Historia ecclesiastica (Ecclesiastical History).

Zosimus (460-520). Historia Nova (New History).

Evagrius (c.536-c.595). Historia ecclesiastica (Ecclesiastical History).

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Misc. Quotes

“Using the work of their predecessors, the Christian chronographers put secular chronography into the service of sacred history. … Jerome’s compilation became the standard of chronological knowledge in the West.”
~ E. J. Bickerman (1980)[5, pp.87-88]

The above quote is the closest I could find to Fomenko’s alleged quoting of Bickerman on page 5 here. Fomenko said Bickerman said, “the Christian historians have made secular chronography serve ecclesial history… The compilation made by Hieronymus is the foundation of the entire edifice of occidental chronological knowledge.” Fomenko cites it as “[72] Bikerman E. “Chronology of the Ancient World”. – Moscow, Nauka, 1975. Translated from the English edition: Bickerman EJ “Chronology of the Ancient World”. – Thames & Hudson, London, (1968), 1969.” Fomenko’s source is a publication from 1968, while mine is the 1980 edition. This plus translations from English into Russian may be the reason for the differences in the quotes. The quotes themselves though are incredibly similar and almost fall on the same page number.

“…no original and scholarly ancient chronological writing survives intact. We depend for the most part on reworkings by later Christian scholars…. Though their libraries … contained ‘real books’ … there is little evidence that they understood these as their authors had intended.”
~ Anthony T. Grafton & N. M. Swerdlow (1988)[5, p.29]

“Assyro-Babylonian chronology is based on the Royal Canon which begins with Nebanassar.”
~ E. J. Bickerman (1980)[6, p.83]

“The Chronology of the first ages of the world is full of uncertainty. … From the best authorities we learn that Assyria and Egypt were the first seats of civilization; but respecting their early history we have no satisfactory information.”
~ John Blair (d.1782)[p.1]

“One is to bear in mind that the “secular” chronology of the present days is largely based on the scholastic biblical chronology of the Middle Ages.”
~ Anatoly T. Fomenko (2003)[p.4]

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[1] – Patrides, C. A. “Renaissance Estimates of the Year of Creation.” Huntington Library Quarterly, vol. 26, no. 4, 1963, pp. 315–322. JSTOR, Accessed 14 Aug. 2020.

[2] – Bishop, C. W. “The Chronology of Ancient China.” Journal of the American Oriental Society, vol. 52, no. 3, 1932, pp. 232–247. JSTOR, Accessed 14 Aug. 2020.

[3] – Knoespel, Kenneth J. “NEWTON IN THE SCHOOL OF TIME: THE ‘CHRONOLOGY OF ANCIENT KINGDOMS AMENDED’ AND THE CRISIS OF SEVENTEENTH-CENTURY HISTORIOGRAPHY.” The Eighteenth Century, vol. 30, no. 3, 1989, pp. 19–41. JSTOR, Accessed 14 Aug. 2020.

[4] – Shotwell, James T. “Christianity and History: III. Chronology and Church History.” The Journal of Philosophy, Psychology and Scientific Methods, vol. 17, no. 6, 1920, pp. 141–150. JSTOR, Accessed 19 Aug. 2020.

[5] – Grafton, A. T., and N. M. Swerdlow. “Calendar Dates and Ominous Days in Ancient Historiography.” Journal of the Warburg and Courtauld Institutes, vol. 51, 1988, pp. 14–42. JSTOR, Accessed 15 Sept. 2020.

[6] – Elias Joseph Bickerman. “Chronology of the Ancient World.” (1980). Accessed 15 Sept. 2020.

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