Polybius

Polybius (c.200 – c.118 BC) is famous today for his writings known as the Histories.

“The revival of interest in the study of Polybius was due to Pope Nicholas V (1447-1455), the founder of the Vatican Library.”
~ Evelyn S. Shuckburgh [2]

Roger Pearse lists MSS attributed to Polybius:

Books 1-5 full text: 17 MSS. Two date to the 10th century and the rest date to the 14th century and later.
short excerpt from book 2: 5 MSS. These all date to the 15th century and later.
Excerpta Antiqua: 8 MSS. The earliest one from these date to the 10th century.
Constantinian Excerpts: 4 MSS. The earliest one from these date to the 10th century. [1]

Printed Editions of Polybius [2]:

1473 – The Latin text is first printed.

1530 – The Greek text is first printed.

1536 (Paris).

1537 (Basle).

1549 (Basle).

1568 – The Hystories of the most famous Cronographer Polybios; Discoursing of the warres betwixt the Romanes and Carthaginenses, a rich and goodly work, conteining holsome counsels and wonderful devices against the inconstances of fickle Fortune. Englished by C[hristopher] W[atson] whereunto is annexed an Abstract, compendiously coarcted out of the life and worthy Acts perpetrate by oure puissant Prince King Henry the fift. London, Imprinted by Henry Byneman for Tho. Hacket, 1568. The first English edition.

1582 (Antwerp), Fulvius Ursinus.

1598 (Basle).

1606 (Paris), Isaac Casaubon. The first attempt at a complete edition.

1634 (Paris), Valesius.

1634 (London) Edward Grimestone.

1647 (London) Sir Walter Raleigh.

1648 (London) Edward Grimestone.

1670 (Amsterdam), Gronovius.

1673 (London), Edward Grimestone.

1693 (London), Sir H[enry] S[hears].

1741 (London), A Gentleman.

1756-1761, (London), Rev. James Hampton.

1764 (Leipsic), Ernesti.

1789-1795 (Leipsic), Schweighaeuser. This was the next major improvement on Polybius’ printed editions after Casaubon’s. “This great work has been the foundation from which all modern commentaries on Polybius must spring.”[2, p.xi]

1827 (Rome).

1839 and 1865, Duebner.

1842 (Paris), J. A. C. Buchon.

1875 (Orléans), J. A. C. Buchon.

1844, Bekker.

1858-1875 (Stuttgart), A. Haakh and Kraz.

1867-1872 (Berlin), F. Hultsch.

1866-1868, Dindorf.

1882, Teubner.

1889 (London). This was the first English edition of the complete works of Polybius.
The Histories of Polybius Translated from the Text of F. Hultsch by Evelyn S. Shuckburgh, M.A.

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References:

[1] – https://www.roger-pearse.com/weblog/2013/06/22/the-manuscripts-of-polybius/. Accessed 4 August 2020.

[2] – http://www.gutenberg.org/files/44125/44125-h/44125-h.htm. Accessed 14 August 2020.

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