Titus Flavius Josephus (37-100) was a Roman historian. It also contains the earliest surviving texts which are attributed to him.
Jerome called Josephus the “Greek Livy”.
37 CE: He was born as Yosef ben Matityahu in Jerusalem to a father of priestly descent and a mother who claimed royal ancestry.
67: He led the Jewish forces in Galilee against the Romans during the First Jewish-Roman War. He surrendered to Vespasian’s troops. Josephus claimed the Jewish Messianic prophecies that started the First Roman-Jewish War were talking about Vespasian becoming emperor, so Vespasian kept Josephus as a slave.
69: He was freed from being a slave. He adopted the name ‘Flavius’. Flavius Josephus becomes a Roman citizen, and later a friend and advisor of Vespasian’s son Titus.
75: He wrote ‘The Jewish War’.
94: He wrote ‘Antiquities of the Jews’.
100: He died.
There are 5 works attributed to Josephus. The first two are his main works, and the last three are minor/other works. The dates placed after the titles represent the date of the earliest surviving MSS of those works.
1 – Antiquities of the Jews (9th c., 10th c., or 11th c.)
2 – War of the Jews (10th c. or 11th c.)
3 – Vita (9th c. or 10th c.)
4 – Contra Apion (11th c.)
5 – Old Slavonic/Russian Josephus (14th-16th cc.)
Textual Transmission Scholarship
The three big names to know for the Josephan scholarship pertaining to the transmission of the texts are: Benedikt Niese (1849-1910), Heinz Schreckenberg (1928-2017), and Tommaso Leoni (alive).[5, p.150] Two predecessors to Niese are Hudson (1662-1719) and Cardwell (1787-1861).[8, p.158]
1720: John Hudson’s Flavius Josephus was published posthumously at Oxford.[8, p.158]
1837: Edward Cardwell’s edition of The Jewish War was published at Oxford.[8, p.158]
1887-1895: Benedikt Niese published his 7 volume Flavii Josephi opera (Works of Flavius Josephus).[5, p.150] I have seen conflicting claims about when this work was first published. The earliest places the first publication in 1885 while the latest paces it in 1888. This work was the greatest advance in Josephan textual knowledge since Hudson’s 1720 publication.[8, p.158]
1972: Heinz Schreckenberg published his Die Flavius-Josephus-Tradition in Antike und Mittelalter.
Tommaso Leoni, “The Text of the Josephan Corpus: Principal Greek Manuscripts, Ancient Latin Translations, and the Indirect Tradition”, in H.H. Chapman & Z. Rodgers (eds.), A Companion to Josephus, Wiley-Blackwell, Blackwell Companions to the Ancient World, Malden-Oxford-Chichester 2016, pp. 307-321.
Goodman, M., & Weinberg, J. (2016). The Reception of Josephus in the Early Modern Period. International Journal of the Classical Tradition, 23(3), 167–171. doi:10.1007/s12138-016-0398-2
More Ctruth Articles on Josephus
2 – Jesus in Josephus.
 – https://brbl-dl.library.yale.edu/vufind/Author?author=Josephus%2C+Flavius. Accessed 6 Apr. 2019.
 – http://www.oxfordbibliographies.com/view/document/obo-9780199840731/obo-9780199840731-0049.xml. Accessed 6 Apr. 2019.
 – https://www.preteristarchive.com/Books/1470_augsburg_schussler.html. Accessed 6 Apr. 2019.
 – https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s12138-016-0398-2. Accessed 6 Apr. 2019.
 – Leoni, Tommaso. “The Text of Josephus’s Works: An Overview.” Journal for the Study of Judaism in the Persian, Hellenistic, and Roman Period, vol. 40, no. 2, 2009, pp. 149–184. JSTOR, www.jstor.org/stable/24669883. Accessed 7 Apr. 2021.
 – Pearse, Roger. “Josephus: all the Manuscripts” (2004). http://www.tertullian.org/rpearse/manuscripts/josephus_all.htm. Accessed 7 Apr. 2021.
 – Universiteits Bibliotheek Gent. https://lib.ugent.be/catalog/rug01:002360926. Accessed 7 Apr. 2021.
 – H. E. R. (1889). Flavii Josephi Opera – Flavii Josephi Opera. Edidit et apparatu critico instruxit Benedictus Niese. Vol. I. Antiquitatum Iudaicarum Libri i.—v., 1887. Vol. II. Antiquitatum Iudaicarum Libri vi.—x., 1886. Berolini : Weidmann. Vol I. 14 Mk. Vol II. 12 Mk. – Editio Minor. Vol. I. II. (ditto). 3 Mk. each. The Classical Review, 3(4), 158-160. doi:10.1017/S0009840X00194569. https://www.cambridge.org/core/journals/classical-review/article/abs/flavii-josephi-opera-flavii-josephi-opera-edidit-et-apparatu-critico-instruxit-benedictus-niese-vol-i-antiquitatum-iudaicarum-libri-iv-1887-vol-ii-antiquitatum-iudaicarum-libri-vix-1886-berolini-weidmann-vol-i-14-mk-vol-ii-12-mk-editio-minor-vol-i-ii-ditto-3-mk-each/888E66EF48A50E450D81E94306357A24. Accessed 7 Apr. 2021.
 – Heinz SCHRECKENBERG, Die Flavius-Josephus-Tradition in Antike und Mittelalter. Leiden: Brill (1972). doi:10.1163/9789004331815. https://brill.com/view/title/1557. Accessed 7 Apr. 2021.
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