Tag: Logic

The History of Fomenko’s New Chronology

Anatoly Fomenko (1945-present) began his research on chronology in 1973, was publishing it in scientific magazines in the 1980’s, and began publishing it in books in the 1990’s. This article provides:1 – A summary of what Fomenko’s New Chronology is.2 – A summary of… Continue Reading “The History of Fomenko’s New Chronology”

Illusory Truth Effect

~~~~~ ~~~~~ ~~~~~ ~~~~~ ~~~~~ ~~~~~ ~~~~~ The illusory truth effect can be seen when familiar statements are quicker to be accepted as true than unfamiliar statements (1). The wiki claims that it was “first identified in a 1977 study at Villanova University and… Continue Reading “Illusory Truth Effect”

Anchoring

Anchoring (1) is a cognitive bias which refers to when a person’s decision making is negatively impacted by relying too much on a base piece of information. That is to say, when a person ‘anchors’ on a specific base fact which obscures judgement and… Continue Reading “Anchoring”

Availability Cascade

What is an availability cascade? from http://energyskeptic.com/2013/cognitive-bias/ – an availability cascade is – “a self-reinforcing process in which a collective belief gains more and more plausibility through its increasing repetition in public discourse (or “repeat something long enough and it will become true”).” When was the… Continue Reading “Availability Cascade”

Magical Thinking

With Halloween right around the corner, this won’t be the last time you’ll hear of magic this month. You may have parties you’ll be attending, or houses you’ll be securing, but the thing that everyone has, the binding element that brings us together for… Continue Reading “Magical Thinking”

Appeal to Authority

What is an Appeal to Authority?  One source claims; “Appeal to authority – (argumentum ad verecundiam) deductively fallacious; even legitimate authorities speaking on their areas of expertise may affirm a falsehood. However, if not using a deductive argument, a logical fallacy is only asserted… Continue Reading “Appeal to Authority”

Confirmation Bias

What is confirmation bias? Confirmation bias is “the tendency to search for or interpret information in a way that confirms one’s preconceptions”* In other words, confirmation bias is the distorting of facts to fit one’s already existing beliefs. *http://energyskeptic.com/2013/cognitive-bias/ ~~~~~ ~~~~~ ~~~~~ ~~~~~ ~~~~~… Continue Reading “Confirmation Bias”

Chronological Snobbery

Chronological Snobbery – this is when a thesis is deemed incorrect because it was commonly held when something else, clearly false, was also commonly held. Although this fallacy is not as common as some of the others, I have seen it in action on… Continue Reading “Chronological Snobbery”

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