Historical Sources for Christianity

This article contains a list of historical sources for Christianity. The article has two parts, the first is for the names of people and the second is for the names of discovered artifacts. The century marked after the life dates of a person is the earliest their surviving text has provenance. The provenance of discovered texts is the same as the discovery date.

Sources from the Bible itself are not listed.

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People

Clement of Rome (35-99) 17th century.

Josephus (37-100)

Tacitus (56-120)

Papias of Hierapolis (c.60-163)

Pliny the Younger (c.61-c.113)

Suetonius (c.69-after c.122)

Polycarp of Smyrna (c.69-c.155)

Justin Martyr (100-165)

Ignatius of Antioch (d. 108)

Irenaeus of Lyons (c.130-c.202)

Clement of Alexandria (c.150-c.215)

Tertullian (155-220) 15th century.

Vibia Perpetua (c.182-203)

Origen of Alexandria (185-254)

Celsus (2nd century)

Cyprian of Carthage (c.200-258)

Galerius (c.250-311)

Lactantius (c.260-340)

Eusebius (263-339)

Aphrahat (c.270-c.345)

Athanasius of Alexandria (c.293-373)

Hilary of Poiters (c.300-c.368)

Pope Damascus I (305-384)

Ephram the Syrian (c.306-373)

Basil of Caesarea (c.329-379)

Ambrose of Milan (c.339-397)

John Chrysostom (347-407)

Jerome of Stridonium (c.347-420)

Saint Augustine (354-430)

Cyril of Alexandria (c.378-444)

Theodoret (393-457)

Saint Vincent of Lerins (d. c.445)

Isaac of Antioch (451-452)

Junillus (527-549)

Pope Gregory the Great (540-604)

Isidore of Seville (c.560-636)

Maximus the Confessor (c.580-662)

John of Damascus (c.676-749)

Isaac of Nineveh (7th century)

Discoveries

Codex Vaticanus (1475)

Codex Alexandrinus (17th century)

Codex Sinaiticus (1844)

The Didache (1873)

Nag Hammadi Library (1945)

The Dead Sea Scrolls (1946-1956)

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References:

[1] – https://sourcebooks.fordham.edu/ancient/asbook11.asp#Christian%20Origins

[2] – https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Historiography_of_early_Christianity

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