Biography of John Amos Comenius

John Amos Comenius is also known by Jan Amos Comenius, Johannes Amos Comenius, Jana Amose Komenskeho, and Jan Amos Komensky. He was born in 1592 and died in 1670. He advocated for working with nature, instead of against it. He published over 150 works in Czech, German, and Latin on topics such as cartography, human development, linguistics, pacifism, social justice, and spirituality. He is considered the father of modern education. He was also one of the first pedagogical theorists to apply Francis Bacon’s epistemology.

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My current concise biographical timeline for J. A. Comenius is as follows;

1592 – born in Moravia

1608 – he enters the Latin school in Prerov

1611-1613 – he studies at the Herborn Academy

1612- he reads the Rosicrucian manifesto ‘Fama Fraternitatis’

1613-1614 – he studies at the University of Heidelberg

1614-1618 – he teaches at the Latin school in Prerov

1616 – he is ordained not the ministry of the Moravian Brethren

1620 – he is made pastor and rector at Fulnek

1621 – he loses all his property and writings due to war `

1628 – he corresponds with Johann Valentin Andreae

1631 – his publication of ‘Janua Linguarum Reserata’ is published in England as ‘The Gates of Tongues Unlocked and Opened’. After he publishes this, he is soon invited to open a school in England, but never does due to war.

1638 – he travels to Sweden on request on the Swedish government and creates for them a scheme of school management for their country

1641 – he travels to England on request of the English parliament, joins a commission, and reforms their scheme of public education

1642 – he returns to Sweden to work with Queen Christina and chancellor Axel Oxenstierna in reforming Swedish schools

1642 – he moves to Elbing, Poland

1648 – he travels to England with the help of Samuel Hartlib

1650 – he is invited by Zsuzsanna Lorántffy to organize a pansophic “school of play” in Transylvania

1650-1654 – he is the professor at the first Hungarian Protestant College. Here is where he writes a portion of his most important works

1654 – he returns to Leszno, Poland

1655 – he descales his support for the Protestant Swedish side

1656 – many of his unpublished manuscripts are lost during the First Northern War. The Polish Catholic partisans burn his house and manuscripts, and the school’s printing press because Comenius supported the Protestant Swedish side

1656 – he seeks refuge in Amsterdam. Here patrons publish his collected pedagogical works under the title ‘Opera didactica omnia’.

1657 – his ‘Pansophia’ manuscript was lost when his house in Leszno was burnt down

1658 – his ‘Orbis Sensualium pictus’ is published in English

1659 – his ‘Orbis Sensualium pictus’ is published as ‘Comenius’s Visible World’

1659 – he produces a new edition of the 1618 Bohemian Brethren hymnal, ‘Kancionál, to jest kniha žalmu a písní duchovnich’ (Amsterdam)

1661 – he edits the German hymnal ‘Kirchen-, Haus- und Hertzens-Musica’ (Amsterdam)

1670 – dies and is buried in Naarden

1892 – the Comenian Society, which studies and publishes the works of Comenius, is formed

1934 – his lost work of ‘De Rerum Humanorum Emendatione Consultatio Catholica’ is rediscovered

1966 – his recovered lost work of ‘De Rerum Humanorum Emendatione Consultatio Catholica’ is printed in its entirety

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This article is subject to being updated. This publication is the first edition of my biography of John Amos Comenius. Please email me if you have information which you would like me to add.

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Proverbial Rolling Hills in South Moravia


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