The Jewish Calendar

The Jewish calendar is a lunar calendar. It is still in use today but has changed a number of times throughout history.[1, p.25]

The Jewish week has 7 days because it is based on the creation story in Genesis.[1, p.26]

The 12 months of the Jewish calendar:[2, p.99]
1 – Sebat
2 – Adar
3 – Nisan
4 – Yiar
5 – Sivan
6 – Tamuz
7 – Ab
8 – Elul
9 – Tishri
10 – Hesvan
11 – Kisley
12 – Tebet

History

Before C2nd CE: Before Rabbi Jose ben Halafta, the Jews used the Greek calendar.[1, p.26]

C2nd CE: Rabbi Jose ben Halafta calculated the date of creation.[1, p.26]

C12th CE: Rabbi Jose ben Halafta’s calculation for the date of creation was confirmed by Maimonides.[1, p.26]

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References:

[1] – Mondschein, Ken, and Neal Stephenson. On Time: a History of Western Timekeeping. Johns Hopkins University Press, 2020.

[2] – James Cecil Macdonald. “Chronologies and Calendars” (London, 1897).

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