Solar Eclipses Recorded in Historical Documents


This article contains a list of solar eclipses that have been recorded in writings. The list is a simplified version of the one from NASA’s website. The eclipses are listed by date, oldest to youngest, followed by the record in which they are contained. This list is not complete and more eclipses will be added when I find their dates and sources.

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1 – Oct 22, 2137 BC; Ho and Hi, the Drunken Astronomers

2 – May 9, 1533 BC; Abraham’s Eclipse in Genesis

3 – May 3, 1375 BC; Early Mesopotamian Records

4 – Jun 5, 1301 BC; Chinese Writings of the Shang Dynasty

5 – Apr 16, 1178 BC; Homer’s Odyssey

6 – Apr 21, 899 BC; The Bamboo Annals

7 – Jun 15, 763 BC; The Assyrian Chronicles’ Eponym Canon

8 –  Apr 6, 648 BC; Archilocus’ Eclipse

9 – May 28, 585 BC; Herodotus’ History I

10 – May 19, 557 BC; Xenophon’s Anabasis

11 – Oct 2, 480 BC; Herodotus’ History IX, 10

12 – Aug 3, 431 BC; Thucydides

13 – Mar 21, 424 BC; The History of the Peloponnesian War

14 – Nov 24, 29 AD; Crucifixion of Christ?

15 – Mar 19, 33 AD; Crucifixion of Christ?

16 – Apr 30, 59 AD; Plinius’ Annals

17 – Mar 20, 71 AD; Plutarch’s Eclipse

18 – July 17, 334 AD; Firmicus’ Eclipse

19 – Jul 19, 418 AD; Philostorgius’ Eclipse

20 – Nov 24, 569 AD; Eclipse Preceding Birth of Mohammad

21 – Jan 27, 632 AD; Prayers of Mohammad

22 – May 5, 840 AD; Andreas Bergomatis Chronicon

23 – Dec 22, 968 AD; A chronicler in Constantinople

24 – Aug 2, 1133 AD; Historia Novella, and The Anglo Saxon Chronicle

25 – May 14, 1230 AD; Rogerus de Wendover’s Flores Historiarum

26 – Mar 3, 1337 AD; Jean de Murs Eclipse

27 – May 3, 1715 AD; Edmund Halley’s Eclipse

28 – May 22, 1724 AD; Jose Joaquin de Ferrer’s Eclipse

29 – May 13, 1733 AD; Birger Wassenius’ Eclipse

30 – Aug 5, 1766 AD; Captain Cook’s Eclipse

31 – Jun 16, 1806 AD; Tecumseh’s Eclipse

32 – Feb 12, 1831 AD; Nat Turner’s Eclipse

33 – May 15, 1836 AD; Baily’s Beads

34 – Jul 8, 1842 AD; Baily’s Eclipse

35 – Jul 28, 1851 AD; First Eclipse Expedition

36 – Jul 18, 1860 AD; First Wet Plate Eclipse Photograph

37 – Aug 18, 1868 AD; King of Siam’s Eclipse

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References;

1 – https://eclipse.gsfc.nasa.gov/SEhistory/SEhistory.html

2 – http://www.astronomytoday.com/eclipses/

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