Holy Roman-German Empire in 10th-13th centuries, 911-1307 AD

1 – Henry I 919-936

2 – Lothair 947-950

3 – Otto I the Great 936-973

4 – Otto II 960-983

5 – Otto III the Red 983-996

6 – (continued) Otto III 996-1002

7 – Henry II 1002-1004, Conrad II 1024-1039

8 – Henry III, 1028-1056

9 – Henry IV 1053-1106. Struggle with pope Hildebrand. Famous excommunication. Came to power at age 6. Departed to his lonely castle at end of life. Betrayal and coronation of his son Conrad.Son rules instead of father.

10 – Lothair II 1125-1138

11 – Conrad III 1138-1152

12 – Henry VI 1169-1197. Attack of Frederick I on Rome in 1167. “Pestilence” in German armies and their retreat. 

13 – Frederick II 1196-1250. Well-known Roman emperor

14 – Conrad IV 1250-1254

15 – Charles of Anjou 1254-1285

16 – Confusion and events in Italy (?) 1285-1307. End of 10th-13th century empire. 

17 – Adolf of Nassau 1291-1298

18 – Albert I 1298-1308

19 – Avignon exile of popes in France 1305-1376

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