Grand Princes as the Khans of Khans

This article contains my review of Fomenko’s “The Issue with Russian Tartary”’s Chapter 2. Chapter 2 is titled “ Kaganate of the Khazars”.

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Fomenko cites [312] as “Illarion. ‘On the Law and the Bliss.’ Moscow, Stolitsa and Scriptoriy, 1994.” From page 28 of [312] citation, Fomenko quotes;

“And the word of the Lord was translated into every language, as well as Russian. Blessed be Vladimir, our Kagan, who has baptized us.”

Fomenko puts emphasis on the status of Illarion (a.k.a. Hilarion of Kiev) being not a poor or random scribe, but the supposed head of the Russian Church. This means that the Great Prince Vladimir was sometimes known as the Kagan even to their highest ranking officials.

What is a Kagan?

A Kagan, spelled sometimes as Khagan, is a Khan of Khans, or King of Kings, equal to an Emperor.

Fomenko claims that traditional historians tell you that the Kaganate of Khazars was a state which was hostile towards Russia, and that this information is not supported by Great Prince Vladimir, ruler of Kievan (Christian) Rus, being referred to as a Kagan. I have not been able to yet verify the claims of Fomenko about this alleged hostility. If you have information that would be useful here, please email me.

I think the above and following maps show that potentially there could have been a Christian Khagan in the north, or at the least, that there was a mutual respect great enough to merit the use of “southern” terms for the Northern Kingdom of Novgorod. It is reported that this kingdom under Vladimir of Kiev flourished, which to me would imply a strong population, which would not feel compelled to adopt other populations’ terms for their leaders. In light of the quotes in this article, I would be inclined to believe that Kievan Rus and contemporary Khaganates were in good standing. I’ll be expanding on all this in another article where it is the primary focus.

We see Novgorod much further north than the Khaganates of the previous map

The above “mixing” of titles is not an isolated case.

There are more examples provided below.

Fomenko cites [752] as “Rybakov, B. A. ‘The Kiev Russia and Russian Principalities. The XII-XIII century.’ Moscow, Nauka, 1982, 1988.” The quote Fomenko presents is found on [752]’s page 49;

“The Byzantine title came to replace the Eastern title of the Great Princes of Kiev – the Kagan. In the very same temple of St. Sophia there was a pillar decorated by the lettering that said ‘our Kagan S …’ – the capital S might be the initial of either Svyatoslav Yaroslavich or Svyatopolk Izyaslavich, most probably, the former”

This quotes tells us that the title replaced the Eastern title, and that even in the temple of St. Sophia there was a partial writing which supports the notion of title replacement. Svyatoslav Yaroslavich is the supposed son of Yaroslav the Wise. The following quote again emphasizes this connection of Grand Princes being called Kagans.

From Fomenko’s [752] on page 10;

“The Prince of Kiev, whom the Oriental authors … called Kagan”.

“Trade routes of the Black Sea region, 8th–11th centuries”

Fomenko’s citation [211] is “Gumilev, L.N. ‘Ancient Russia and the Great Steppe’. Moscow, Mysl, 1992.”

Fomenko includes a quote from [211]’s page 435;

“the Khans had ruled over the Avarians, Bulgarians, Hungarians and even Russians; this title was borne by Vladimir the Holy, Yaroslav the Wise, and Oleg Svyatoslavich, a grandson of the latter”

From the information presented above, it may appear clear that the Orthodox rulers were known as Khagans. Fomenko reports that Kagan is an archaic form of Khan. He also reports that these words are synonymous; Khagan, Khan, Czar.

Fomenko cites [423] as “Koniskiy, G. (The Archbishop of Byelorussia). ‘The History of Russians, or the Lesser Russia’. The Moscow University Typography, 1846.”

Using this citation, he claims that the 19th century Archbishop of Byelorussia claims that the word “Khazars” is an old form of “Cossacks”. I am not familiar as of now with the differences of these two by modern standard, so I will be soon writing an article titled “Khazars verses Cossacks”, which will aim to highlight the differences accepted by the current popular opinion.

Batu Khan and his army

Fomenko cites [786] as “‘Dictionary of the Russian Language in the XI-XVII centuries’. Edition 6. Moscow, Nauka.”

[786] is quoted reading “they revere the Pope like we do the Kalifa”.

The above quote is used in support of Kalifa being similar to Kalita. Where the “t” and the “f” are similar and interchangeable. Examples are Theodore and Fyodor, Thomas and Foma, and more.

There is strong linguistic similarities between Kalita, Kalifa, and Caliph.

Fomenko uses this in support for his argument that Ivan Kalita, Kalifa Ivan, Caliph Ivan Czar and Head Priest, Presbyter Johannes, and Batu Khan are all interchangeable names. That these characters of history all share the same founding figure for their origin.

Fomenko argues that historians say the high class Byzantine princesses left their luxurious palaces for the life of nomads in yurts. He furthers argues that this notion is purely fictional, the result of Romanovian historians.

Khazar Khaganate allegedly c. 650–969, Novgorod is much further north

Fomenko concludes his chapter with some commentary on the split of Ancient Christianity in the 1400s forming a faith which the Orthodox and Islamic ones fell out of. He claims that Islam was Nestorian Christianity until the 1600s.

This concludes my review of Fomenko’s Chapter 2 of The Issue with Russian Tartary.

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(1) – Fomenko’s “The Issue with Russian Tartary”, Chapter 2.

(2) –

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