List of Architectural Styles, Prehistoric through Classical Antiquity

This article contains a list of architectural styles that developed in alleged prehistoric times up through what is currently considered the line between the end of Classical Antiquity and the beginning of the Early Middle Ages, around 400-500AD. The second article contains a list of architectural styles that developed in the Early Middle Ages and in the Middle Ages. The third article contains a list of architectural styles that developed in the Renaissance and Post-Renaissance. The fourth article contains a list of styles from the Neoclassical and Revivalism and Orientialism periods.

The dates included are dependent on the popular chronology which is used in academies across the world.

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Prehistoric

Neolithic – (10,000-3000BC)

“Prehistoric Architecture”

Ancient Americas

Mesoamerican

Mesoamerican Architecture

Mezcala

“Mezcala Four Column Temple with Recumbent Figure”,
Mezcala Architecture

Talud-tablero

“Platform along the Avenue of the Dead showing the talud-tablero architectural style”, Talud-tablero Architecture

Maya

“Xpuhil, Campeche”, Mayan Architecture

Mediterranean and Middle-East Civilizations

Phoenician – (3000-500BC)

Phoenician Architecture

Ancient Egyptian – (3000BC-373AD)

Egyptian Architecture

Minoan

“Cult Rooms along the West Side of the Central Court”,
Minoan Architecture

Knossos

“The Palace of Knossos. The portico of the North Entrance Corridor restored in 1930”, Knossos Architecture

Mycenaean – (1600-1100BC)

“Treasury of Atreus, Mycenae, Greece, c. 1300-1250 BCE”,
Mycenaean Architecture

Ancient Near East and Mesopotamia

Sumerian – (5300-2000BC)

Sumerian Architecture

Iranian and Persian

Ancient Persian

“Persepolis (Greek for Persian City) was the ornamental capital city that Cyrus the Great founded late in his life around 515 BCE”, Ancient Persian Architecture

Archaemenid

Archaemenid Architecture

Iranian

Iranian Architecture

Persian Garden Style

Persian Garden Style

Ancient Asian

Indic

Keerthi Thorana, Warangal, Telangana, Indic Architecture

Bengalese

Dakshineswar Kali Temple in Kolkata, West Bengal,
Bengalese Architecture

Indian

Meenakshi temple, Indian Architecture

Indian Rock Cut Architecture

Indian Rock Cut Architecture

Karnataka

Karnataka Architecture

Pakistani

Pakistani Architecture

Mauryan

Sanchi_Stupa_Architecture_of_Maurya_Empire, Mauryan Architecture

Khmer

Cambodia Architecture – synonymous with Khmer architecture

Indonesian

Pagaruyung Palace, Bukittinggi, Indonesian Architecture

Historic Temple Styles

Buddhist Temple – (1st Century AD)

“Chaitya Hall was built between 50 and 70 AD in India”, Buddhist Temple Architecture

Hindu Temple Styles

Sinic

Ancient Chinese Wooden Architecture

“Close Up Of Traditional Chinese Style Wooden Architecture. Patterns Of Chinese Traditional”

Japanese

Japanese Architecture

Korean

“Korean Bell of Friendship”, Korean Architecture

Also

Harappan

Sikh

“Architettura Sikh”

Classical Antiquity

Etruscan – (700-200BC)

“Etruscan architecture can be displayed by the Etruscan Arch in the city of Perugia. After the Etruscan Arch was manifested, Romans were able to advance the vault and dome structures”, Etruscan Architecture

Classical – (600BC-323AD)

Classical Architecture

Ancient Greek – (776-265BC)

Ancient Greek Architecture Poseidon Temple

Roman – (753BC-663AD)

Triumphal Arch in Jerash (Arch of Hadrian), Roman Architecture

Herodian – (37-4BC)

“Herodian Palace Masada | by joncassie Herodian Palace Masada”,
Herodian Architecture

Early Christian – (100-500)

“the Apostle from the Basilica of St. John, 6th century, Ephesus, near modern day Selçuk, Turkey”, Early Christian Architecture

Byzantine – (527-1520)

Byzantine Architecture

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References;

(1) – https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_architectural_styles

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