Nikolai Alexandrovich Morozov

Nikolai Alexandrovich Morozov (1854-1946) was a revolutionary, social figure, scholar, historical revisionist, and author. He was also an honorary member of the chemistry, physics, and mathematics department of the Academy of Sciences of the USSR.

Some of the works of Morozov can be found online here, here, and here. A special thanks goes out to the WordPress user “Owen” for placing all three of the links above onto Ctruth’s radar.

He was alive during the Bolshevik Revolution, and while he was happy that the old government was falling, he did not agree with the impositions of the new Bolshevik government.[7]

A massive archive of his works can be found here.[8] More links to his works and information about him can be found here.[9]

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1854, June 25/July 7: He was born in Borok, Mologsky district of the Yaroslavl province, Russia.[3], [7]

1869: He began attending the Second Moscow Gymnasium after being education at home by his mother, bonnets, governess, and governor.[3] He did not do well at that school and ended up getting expelled.[7]

1871-1872: He volunteered at Moscow University.[3], [7]

1874: He joined the Tchaikovsky Circle and took part in the “going to the people” populist movement.[3] He traveled to Geneva, Switzerland as a representative of Tchaikovsky.[7]

1875: He joined the International Workingmen’s Association. He returned to Russia and was arrested because of his potential involvement with revolutionary movements.[3], [7]

1876: He was released on bail and then was arrested again.[3]

1877: His poetry was published in ‘From Behind Prison Bars’.[3]

1878: “193’s Trial” occurred and Morozov was set free.[7]

1879: Land and Liberty split into two groups and Morozov rejected the continual use of propaganda for bringing about social change.[2] He became a founder ‘Narodnaya Volya’ (People’s Will).[7]

1880: He travelled to London and met Karl Marx for the first time.[3] One motivation for this travel was in part due to the disagreements he had with his contemporary revolutionists “about the role of terror in the political struggle”.[7]

1881, January: He was arrested with his wife at the Russian border for attempting to enter illegally.[3], [7]

1882: He was sentenced to prison for life “as part of the “Process of Twenty””.[7]

1882-1884: He was imprisoned in the Peter and Paul Fortress.[7]

1884-1905: He was imprisoned in Shlisselburg. While imprisoned in these two locations, he wrote 26 volumes of manuscripts which included commentaries on issues with a number of sciences. He also learned 11 languages which he previously did not know.[7]

1905, October 28th: He was given amnesty and freedom.[3], [7]

1907: He married Ksenia Alexandrovna Borislavskaya.[3], [7]

Morozov with his wife Ksenia Alexandrovna, 1910, Photo by Wikimedia Commons

1908: He joined the newly founded masonic lodge “Polyarnaya Zvezda” (“l’Etoile Polaire”),(“Polar Star).[4, p.107-108], [5, p.468] According to a different source, Morozov was a member of the “St.-Petersburg”s Dawn”, Grand Orient of Russia’s Peoples. The source does give a disclaimer at the beginning saying “The following list of names is derived from the writings of a number of Russian authors and is presented with no guarantee of accuracy” and so I don’t know how valid the claim is.[6] It appears to me that Morozov being a member of the Polar Star lodge is a better established fact than the latter claim.

1907-1917: He lectured in “Petersburg and Moscow (repeatedly), Kiev, Yuryev, Dvinsk, Riga, Kovno, Vilno, Grodno, Elizavetgrad, Nikopol, Yekaterinoslav, Kremenchug, Poltava, Kharkov, Yaroslavl, Rybinsk, Poshekhonye , Mologa, Vologda, Taganrog, Rostov-on-Don. Novocherkassk, Simferopol, Sevastopol, Kostroma, Perm, Yekaterinburg, Nizhny Novgorod, Saratov, Penza, Samara, Simbirsk, Tiflis, Baku, Kutaisi, Arkhangelsk, Tyumen, Tomsk, Novo-Nikolaev, Omsk, Krasnoyarsk, Irkutsk, Verkhneudinsk, Chita -on-Amur, Khabarovsk, Harbin, Nikolsk-Ussuriisky, Vladivostok”.[3]

1908: He gave lectures on astronomy. He became a “permanent member of the French Astronomical Society (Societe astronomique de France)”. He also became a “permanent member of the British Astronomical Association”.[3]

1909: He was elected “Chairman of the Russian Society of Lovers of World Studies” (ROLM).[3] He was chairman until ROLM disbanded in 1932 by the Lenghub Executive Committee.[7]

1910: He was a “Member of the Scientific Council of the St. Petersburg Biological Laboratory P.F. Lesgaft.” He was named an “honorary member of the Moscow Society of Nature Experts”. He participated “in the work of the XII Congress of Naturalists and Physicians and the Moscow Society of Naturalists (Moscow)”.[3]

1911-1912: He was arrested in Crimea and imprisoned in the Dvina fortress.[3], [7]

1913: He was “released from imprisonment under amnesty”.[3]

1918: He gained ownership of the Borok Estate.[3] He also “became director of the Natural Science Institute”, a position he maintained until his death.[7]

1919: His mother died.[3]

1924: He published “Christ or Ramses? An attempt to apply the mathematical theory of probability to a historical subject”.[3]

1926-1932: The 7 volumes of his Christ was published.[3]
Book 1 was published in 1927
Book 2 in 1926
Book 3, 1927
Book 4, 1928
Book 5, 1929
Book 6, 1930
Book 7, 1932

1929: In Leningrad, he tried and failed to form the “Society for the History and Methodology of Exact Sciences and Technology”.[3]

1932: He was named an Honorary Member of the Soviet Academy of Sciences.[3]

1935: He was the Deputy of the Leningrad City Council of Workers, Peasants and Red Army Deputies.[3]

1938: “N.A. Morozov was elected the honorary chairman of” the recently established USSR Academy of Sciences base in Bork.[3]

1939: He was awarded the Order of the Red Banner of Labor for his “services to the working people as a revolutionary and scientist”. The event took place in the Kremlin on the 7th of October.[3] He took an interest in shooting and entered OSOAVIAHIM to take classes in sniping.[7]

1941: There was a documentary released about him.[3]

1942: The Nazi’s attack on Leningrad (where Morozov was working) inspired him to join the fight against the Nazi and to defend Leningrad. At first the military did not allow Morozov to join but he was persistent and eventually they did enroll him in the front line. He joined the Volkhov Front and had around a dozen confirmed kills.[7]

1944: On his 90th birthday, he was awarded his first Order of Lenin “for outstanding long-term scientific activity in the field of natural science. The Council of People’s Commissars of the USSR assigned the name of N. A. Morozov to the Borok Biological Station of the Academy of Sciences of the USSR and established the N. A. Morozov scholarships in astronomy, physics and chemistry”.[3]

1945: On the 220th anniversary of the USSR Academy of Sciences, Morozov was awarded his second Order of Lenin for his involvement in developing sciences. He moved to Moscow in the fall.[3] He also received a medal “For Valiant Labor in the Great Patriotic War 1941-1945”.[7]

1945-1946: He was a member of the Academic Council of the Institute of Natural History of the USSR Academy of Sciences.[3]

1946, July 30: He died in Borok, Russia at the age of 92.[3], [7]

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References:

[1] – https://encyclopedia2.thefreedictionary.com/Nikolai+Aleksandrovich+Morozov. Accessed 4 Apr. 2019.

[2] – https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nikolai_Alexandrovich_Morozov. Accessed 4 Apr. 2019.

[3] – https://nmorozov.ru/. Accessed 16 Nov. 2020.

[4] – https://rcin.org.pl/ihpan/Content/28112/WA303_43640_1983-48_APH_05_o.pdf. Accessed 29 Dec. 2020.

[5] – Elkin, Boris. “Attempts to Revive Freemasonry in Russia.” The Slavonic and East European Review, vol. 44, no. 103, 1966, pp. 454–472. JSTOR, www.jstor.org/stable/4205787. Accessed 29 Dec. 2020.

[6] – https://freemasonry.bcy.ca/texts/russia/russian_masons.html. Accessed 29 Dec. 2020.

[7] – https://en.topwar.ru/165736-revoljucioner-uchenyj-i-snajper-nikolaj-aleksandrovich-morozov.html. Accessed 29 Dec. 2020.

[8] – http://www.ras.ru/namorozovarchive/about.aspx. Accessed 29 Dec. 2020.

[9] – http://chronologia.org/lib/morozov/index.html. Accessed 29 Dec. 2020.

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7 Comments on “Nikolai Alexandrovich Morozov

  1. There use to be a website that had all of Morozov’s works on it in Russian, but I can not seem to find that website, do you have the link to it? Thanks

    Liked by 1 person

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