Manuscripts of Homer

This article establishes the fundamental texts which are used for us to gain information about the supposed Greek poet Homer. This article is subject to update. I am currently looking into the origins of each document and will update this article when I find the information I am looking for.

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The Iliad

The current list of primary texts for the Iliad are as follows;

X – Sinai, St. Catherine’s Monastery, inv. MΓ26. Sutton labelled it p568. (allegedly 2nd half of 9th century)

Z – Rome, Biblioteca Nazionale graecus 6 + Madrid, Biblioteca Nacional 44626. (allegedly mid-late 9th century)

A – Venice, Biblioteca Marciana, gr. 822 (once 454), often called ‘Venetus A’. (allegedly 10th century)

D – Florence, Biblioteca Medicea-Laurenziana 32. 15. (allegedly 10th century

B – Venice, Biblioteca Marciana, gr. 821 (once 453), often called ‘Venetus B’. (allegedly 11th century)

E – Escorial Y.I.1 (291). A twin of B, written by the same person. (allegedly 11th century)

F – Escorial Ω.1.12 (509). (allegedly 11th century)

T – British Library Burney 86. (allegedly 1059AD)

Y – Paris Bibliothèque Nationale, Supplément grec 663. (allegedly 11th century)

C – Florence, Biblioteca Medicea-Laurenziana 32, 3. (allegedly late 11th/early 12th century)

R – Oxford, Bodleian Library, Auct. T. 2. 7 (Misc 207). (allegedly 12th century)

W – Vatican gr. 1319. (allegedly 12th century)

G – Geneva, Bibliothèque publique, 44. (allegedly 12th century)

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The Odyssey

According to my primary reference, there are some 70 known papyri of the Odyssey, and some 230 known for the Iliad.

These following papyri are the papyri which contain texts of The Odyssey. The papyri are numbered as numbered by T.W. Allen.

Pap1 – P.Oxy. 773. (allegedly 2nd century)

Pap2 – P.Oxy. 774. (allegedly 3rd century)

Pap3 – Mus. Brit. 271. (allegedly 1st century)

Pap4 – P.Oxy. 565. (allegedly 2nd-3rd centuries)

Pap5 – P.Oxy. 775. (allegedly 3rd century)

Pap6 – Fayum Towns 7. (allegedly 1st century)

Pap7 – P.Oxy. 778. – (allegedly 2nd-3rd centuries)

Pap8 – Fayum Towns 157. (allegedly 1st-2nd centuries)

Pap9 – P.Oxy. 569. (allegedly 2nd century)

Pap10 – P.Oxy. 780. (allegedly 2nd century)

Pap11 – Fayum Towns 310. (allegedly 1st-2nd centuries)

Pap12 – Berol. (Philol. 44. 585). (unknown date)

Pap13 – Amherst Papyri II 23. (allegedly 3rd-4th centuries)

Pap14 – Mus. Cair. 10397. (allegedly 2nd century)

Pap15 – P.Oxy. 571. (allegedly 1st-2nd centuries)

Pap16 – P.Oxy. 782. (allegedly 3rd century)

Pap17 – P.Oxy. 783. (allegedly 1st century BC)

Pap18 – P.Oxy. 572. (allegedly 3rd century)

Pap19 – Hibeh Papyri 23 (allegedly 3rd century BC)

Pap20 – P.Oxy. 448. (allegedly 3rd century)

Pap21 – Genev. (Rev. Phil. 18, 101). (unknown date)

Pap22 – Tebtunis tom. iii (unpublished). (allegedly 2nd century BC)

Pap23 – P.Oxy. 953. (allegedly 2nd century)

Pap24 – P.Oxy. 956. (allegedly 2nd-3rd centuries)

Pap25 – Berolinensis 10568. (allegedly 4th-5th centuries

Pap26 – Lipsiensis 3. (allegedly 4th century)

Pap27 – Mus. Brit. 121. (allegedly 3rd century)

Pap28 – John Rylands Library 53. (allegedly 3rd-4th centuries)

Pap 29 – Societ. Ital. 1912. (allegedly 1st century)

Pap30 – Tebtunis 696 (unpublished). (allegedly 2nd century)

Pap 31 – Inst. Pap. Paris (unpublished). (allegedly 3rd century)

Schol. Am. – Amherst papyri II 18. (allegedly 1st-2nd centuries)

T.W. Allen also identified the following manuscripts;

Be – Berol. 182 (Phillips Meerman). (allegedly 15th century)

Br – Brussels 11290 = 73. (allegedly 16th century)

C – Caesenas 27.11. (allegedly 1311AD)

Ca – Corpus Christi College Cambridge 81. (allegedly 15th century)

Cr – Cryptoferratensis Za XXVI. (allegedly 15th century)

H1 – Harleianus 5658. (allegedly 1479AD)

H2 – Harleianus 5673. (allegedly 15th century)

H3 – Harleianus 5674. (allegedly 13th century)

H4 – Harleianus 6325. (allegedly 15th century)

Ho – Holkham Hall 265. (allegedly 15th century)

J – Vespasiani Gonzag. de Columna Sablonetae ducis. (unknown date)

K – Cracoviensis 543. (allegedly 1469AD)

L1 – Florence, Laurentian 32, 4. (allegedly 15th century)

L2 – Florence, Laurentian 32, 6. (allegedly 1465AD)

L3 – Florence, Laurentian 32, 23. (allegedly 15th century)

L4 – Florence, Laurentian 32, 24. (allegedly 10th-11th centuries)

L5 – Florence, Laurentian 32, 30. (allegedly 15th century)

L6 – Florence, Laurentian 32, 39. (allegedly 15th century)

L7 – Florence, Laurentian 91 sup. 2. (allegedly 13th century)

L8 – Florence, Laurentian conventi soppressi 52. (allegedly 11th century)

L9 – Riccardianus 78. (allegedly 15th century)

L10 – Florence, Magliabecchianus 9. (allegedly 16th-17th centuries)

M1 – Milan, Ambrosian A 77 inf. (= 800). (allegedly 1468AD)

M2 – Milan, Ambrosian B 99 sup. (= 121). (allegedly 13th century)

M3 – Milan, Ambrosian E 89 sup. (= 299). (allegedly 13th-15th centuries)

M4 – Milan, Ambrosian Q 88 sup. (= 688). (allegedly 15th century)

Ma – Madrid 4565 = 27. (allegedly 15th century)

Mo – Mutinensis 110. (allegedly 15th century)

Mon – Munich 519 B. (allegedly 14th century)

Moscoviensis Bibl. S. Synodi 286. (allegedly 12th century)

N – Naples, Biblioteca Nazionale II F 4. (allegedly 15th century)

O – Oxoniensis Canonici 79. (allegedly 15th century)

P1 – Paris, BNF graecus 2403. (allegedly 13th century)

P2 – Paris, BNF graecus 2680. (allegedly 15th century)

P3 – Paris, BNF graecus 2688. (allegedly 16th century)

P4 – Paris, BNF graecus 2689. (allegedly 16th century)

P5 – Paris, BNF graecus 2769. (allegedly 15th century)

P6 – Paris, BNF graecus 2894. (allegedly 13th century)

P7 – Paris, BNF sup. gr. 164. (allegedly 16th century)

P8 – Paris, BNF sup. gr. 1001. (allegedly 15th century)

Pal – Palatinus 45. (allegedly 1201AD)

Pe – Perusinus D 67. (allegedly 15th century)

R1 – Vatican graecus 24. (allegedly 15th century)

R2 – Vatican graecus 25. (allegedly 15th century)

R3 – Vatican graecus 906. (allegedly 1422AD)

R4 – Vatican graecus 915. (allegedly 13th century)

R5 – Vatican graecus 1302. (allegedly 13th-14th centuries)

R6 – Vatican graecus 1320. (allegedly 15th century)

R7 – Vatican graecus 1627. (1477AD)

R8 – Vatican Palatinus 7. (1436AD)

R9 – Vatican Palatinus. (century 15th century)

R10 – Vatican Ottobuoni 57. (century 15th century)

R11 – Vatican Ottobuoni 308. (allegedly 1486AD)

R12 – Vatican Reginensis 99. (allegedly 15th century)

R13 – Vatican Urbinas 125. (allegedly 13th century)

R14 – Vatican Urbinas 136. (allegedly 15th century)

R15 – Vatican Barberini I 31. (allegedly 16th century)

R16 – Vatican Barberini I 93. (allegedly 15th-16th centuries)

R17 – Vatican Barberini I 153. (allegedly 15th-16th centuries)

T – Hamburg 15. (allegedly 14th century)

Va – Vallicellianus F 16. (allegedly 15th century)

U1 – Venice 456. (allegedly 15th century)

U2 – Venice 457. (allegedly 15th century)

U3 – Venice 610. (allegedly 15th century)

U4 – Venice 611. (allegedly 15th century)

U5 – Venice 613. (allegedly 13th century)

U6 – Venice cl. ix. num. 4. (allegedly 13th and 15th centuries)

U7 – Venice cl. ix. num. 21. (allegedly 16th century)

U8 – Venice cl. ix. num. 29. (allegedly 15th century)

U9 – Venice cl. ix. num. 34. (allegedly 15th century)

V1 – Vienna philol. 5. (allegedly 15th century)

V2 – Vienna philol. 50. (allegedly 15th century)

V3 – Vienna philol. 56. (allegedly 15th century probable)

V4 – Vienna philol. 133. (allegedly 13th century)

V5 – Vienna philol. 307. (allegedly 16th century)

W – Wratislaviensis 28. (allegedly 15th century)

W2 – Wratislaviensis 29. (allegedly 15th century)

Z – Stuttgartensis 5. (allegedly 16th century)

There are currently three papyri which contain The Homeric Hymns. They are;

Π1 – Berlin Papyrus 13044. (allegedly 1st century BC)

Π2 – P.Oxy.2379. (allegedly 3rd century)

Π3 – P.Oxy. (forthcoming). (allegedly 3rd century)

The first text was allegedly printed by Demetrius Chalcondyles in Florence in 1488, according to the primary reference.

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References:

(1) – http://www.tertullian.org/rpearse/manuscripts/greek_classics.htm#Homer

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