Origins of Aztec Writings

This article establishes the dates of creation and discovery for some Aztec writings. Please email me or comment if you have additional information you would like added.

1500s – Codex Tudela created

after 1500 – Mapa de Cuauhtinchan No. 2 created

around 1520 – Codex Borbonicus created

after 1528? – Anales de Tlatelolco created

after 1529 – Codex Boturini created

1552 – Libellus de Medicinalibus Indorum Herbis (Badianus Herbal Manuscript) created?

after 1553 – Codex of Tlatelolco created

around 1540 – Oztoticpac Lands Map of Texcoco created

around 1544 – Códice de Santa María Asunción created

mid-1500s – Historia Tolteca-Chichimeca created?

mid-1500s – Romances de los señores de Nueva España created

mid-1500s – Santa Cruz Map created

mid-1500s – Codex Magliabechiano created

1550-1556 – Santa Cruz Map created

after 1550s – Anales de Tlatelolco created (translated in 1956 and 1991)

1564 – Codex Totomixtlahuaca created

after 1566 – Codex Ríos created

1578 – Chavero Code of Huexotzingo created (donated in 1906 to National Museum of Mexico)

after 1580 – History of Tlaxcala created?

after 1580 – earliest copy of Crónica Mexicayotl created

1582 – Romances de los señores de Nueva España created

after 1583 – Codex Laud owned by William Laud

1585 – Florentine Codex creation complete (discovered by scholars in the late 1700s)

1702 – first mention of Codex Azcatitlan

1746 – Crónica Mexicayotl copy first published

after 1790 – Codex Fejérvary-Mayer discovered

late 1700s – Codex Chimalpopoca copied (original lost)

1805 – Codex Borgia discovered

1814 – earliest date Codex Osuna known to be owned (created after 1564)

1831 – Codex Mendoza rediscovered (created after 1528)

1840 – Codex Xolotl first brought to Europe

1847 – Ramírez Codex first published

1890s – Lienzo de Quauhquechollan first mentioned

1893 – Aubin Codex published (maybe written around 1576)

1902 – Codex Vatincanus B translated and published

until 1925 – Huexotzinco Codex owned privately, purchased in around 1928 for Library of Congress

1965 – Cantares Mexicanos translation begins

1990s – Codex Escalada comes to light

1995 – Codex Telleriano-Remensis published

The list of Aztec documents which I have not yet located dates for is as follows;

Codex Cospi, Codex Porfirio Díaz, Aubin Manuscript No. 20, Fonds mexicain 20, Codex Chimalpahin, Codex Cozcatzin, Codex Ixtilxochitl, Codex Mexicanus, Testaments of Toluca, Testaments of Culhuacan, Tlaxcalan Actas

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References:

[1] – https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Aztec_codices

[2] – https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mesoamerican_literature

[3] – https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Category:Mesoamerican_codices

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