Origins of Aztec Writings

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Codex Mendoza page

This article establishes the dates of creation and discovery for some Aztec writings. Please email me or comment if you have additional information you would like added.

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1500s – Codex Tudela created

after 1500 – Mapa de Cuauhtinchan No. 2 created

around 1520 – Codex Borbonicus created

after 1528? – Anales de Tlatelolco created

after 1529 – Codex Boturini created

1552 – Libellus de Medicinalibus Indorum Herbis (Badianus Herbal Manuscript) created?

after 1553 – Codex of Tlatelolco created

around 1540 – Oztoticpac Lands Map of Texcoco created

around 1544 – Códice de Santa María Asunción created

mid-1500s – Historia Tolteca-Chichimeca created?

mid-1500s – Romances de los señores de Nueva España created

mid-1500s – Santa Cruz Map created

mid-1500s – Codex Magliabechiano created

1550-1556 – Santa Cruz Map created

after 1550s – Anales de Tlatelolco created (translated in 1956 and 1991)

1564 – Codex Totomixtlahuaca created

after 1566 – Codex Ríos created

1578 – Chavero Code of Huexotzingo created (donated in 1906 to National Museum of Mexico)

after 1580 – History of Tlaxcala created?

after 1580 – earliest copy of Crónica Mexicayotl created

1582 – Romances de los señores de Nueva España created

after 1583 – Codex Laud owned by William Laud

1585 – Florentine Codex creation complete (discovered by scholars in the late 1700s)

1702 – first mention of Codex Azcatitlan

1746 – Crónica Mexicayotl copy first published

after 1790 – Codex Fejérvary-Mayer discovered

late 1700s – Codex Chimalpopoca copied (original lost)

1805 – Codex Borgia discovered

1814 – earliest date Codex Osuna known to be owned (created after 1564)

1831 – Codex Mendoza rediscovered (created after 1528)

1840 – Codex Xolotl first brought to Europe

1847 – Ramírez Codex first published

1890s – Lienzo de Quauhquechollan first mentioned

1893 – Aubin Codex published (maybe written around 1576)

1902 – Codex Vatincanus B translated and published

until 1925 – Huexotzinco Codex owned privately, purchased in around 1928 for Library of Congress

1965 – Cantares Mexicanos translation begins

1990s – Codex Escalada comes to light

1995 – Codex Telleriano-Remensis published

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Codex Vaticanus B

The list of Aztec documents which I have not yet located dates for is as follows;

Codex Cospi, Codex Porfirio Díaz, Aubin Manuscript No. 20, Fonds mexicain 20, Codex Chimalpahin, Codex Cozcatzin, Codex Ixtilxochitl, Codex Mexicanus, Testaments of Toluca, Testaments of Culhuacan, Tlaxcalan Actas

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References;

(1) – https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Aztec_codices

(2) – https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mesoamerican_literature

(3) – https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Category:Mesoamerican_codices

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