Egyptian Writings Origins

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This article traces Egyptian writings to their earliest confirmable date. It is far from extensive, so please email me information if you would like it added.

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1799 – Rosetta Stone discovered

1800s – Papyrus Harris 500 appears, purchased in 1872

1800s – Stela EA963 owned by Anthony Charles Harris, purchased in 1875

1800s – Deir el-Medina discovered

1809 – Description de l’Egypte published

1816-1818 – Henry Salt acquires his first collection of artifacts

1819-1824 – Henry Salt acquires his second collection of artifacts

1820 – Turin King List discovered

1823 – Westcar Papyrus discovered

1823 – Stela EA8467 purchased from Henry Salt?

c.1824 – Turin Papyrus Map discovered

1825-1827 – Henry Salt acquires his third collection of artifacts

1832 – Wadi al-Jarf discovered

1835 – Writing-Tablet EA5646 purchased from Henry Salt’s collection

1839 – Papyrus Anastasi I purchased

1839 – Papyrus Sallier 2

1842 – Book of the Dead texts first published

1843 – Instructions of Amenemhat (now lost) recorded

1847 – The Maxims of Ptahhotep discovered

1847 – Prisse Papyrus first published

mid-1800s – Amherst Papyrus bottom half purchased

after 1850 – Athanasi Papyrus acquired?

1855 – Papyrus Harris I discovered

1857 – D’Orbiney Papyrus acquired

1857 – Abbott Papyrus discovered

1858 – Rhind Mathematical Papyrus purchased

1859 – Palermo Stone appears as an item for sale

1860 – Papyrus Boulaq 18 discovered

1861 – Mummy-Wrapping EA10047,3 purchased from John Calvert

1861 – Mummy-Wrapping EA10047,7 purchased from John Calvert

1862 – Mummy-Wrapping EA10047,8 purchased from Hotton

1862 – Mummy-Wrapping EA10047,9 purchased from Hotton

1862 – Mummy-Wrapping EA10047,10 purchased from Hotton

1862 – Mummy-Wrapping EA10047,11 purchased from Hotton

1862 – Edwin Smith Papyrus

1864 – Papyrus Butler 527 published?

1868 – Papyrus EA10110 purchased from Robert James Hay

1868 – Papyrus EA10399 purchased from Robert James Hay

1868 – Mummy-Wrapping EA10145 purchased from Robert James Hay

1868 – Mummy-Wrapping EA10147 purchased from Robert James Hay

1873 – Ebers Papyrus purchased

1874 – Stela EA950 purchased from Rev. Mourant Brook

After 1880 – Pyramid Texts discovered

After 1880 – Alexandrian World Chronicle

After 1880 – Chester Beatty Medical Papyrus discovered?

1881 – Tale of the Shipwrecked Sailor discovered

1888 – Papyrus of Ani discovered

1888 – Papyrus EA 10474,4

1889 – Kahun Papyri

1889 – Brooklyn Papyrus purchased

1890 – Onomasticon of Amenope discovered

1890 – Story of Wenamun

1892 – Moscow Mathematical Papyrus discovered

1893 – Abusir Papyri discovered

1895 – Insinger Papyrus purchased

1897 – Narmer Palette discovered

1899 – Papyrus EA10509,1 purchased through Rev Chauncey Murch

1899 – Papyrus EA10509,2 purchased through Rev Chauncey Murch

1899 – Papyrus EA10509,3 purchased through Rev Chauncey Murch

1901 – Berlin Papyrus 6619 published

1901 – Hearst papyrus appears as a gift

1901 – Reisner Papyrus discovered

1902 – The Persians discovered

1908 – Stela EA1431 purchased from Panayotis Kyticas

1910 – Greenfield Papyrus acquired

1912 – London Medical Papyrus published

1935 – Papyrus EA10710,1 purchased from Maurice Nahman

1935 – Papyrus EA10710,2 purchased from Maurice Nahman

1935 – Papyrus EA10710,3 purchased from Maurice Nahman

1935 – Papyrus EA10710,4 purchased from Maurice Nahman

1935 – Papyrus EA10710,5 purchased from Maurice Nahman

1935 – Papyrus EA10710,6 purchased from Maurice Nahman

1935 – Papyrus EA10710,7 purchased from Maurice Nahman

1935 – Papyrus EA10710,8 purchased from Maurice Nahman

1935 – Papyrus EA10710,9 purchased from Maurice Nahman

1935 – Amherst Papyrus discovered

1943 – Carlsberg papyrus owned?

1945 – Nag Hammadi library discovered

After 1940s – Papyrus EA76288 acquired

1950 – Papyrus EA10735,13 purchased from Prof Ludwig Borchardt, previously owned by Henri Edouard Naville

1950 – Papyrus EA10735,14 purchased from Prof Ludwig Borchardt, previously owned by Henri Edouard Naville

1977 – Papyrus EA10849 purchased from George Anastase Michaelides

1977 – Papyrus EA10858 purchased from George Anastase Michaelides

1977 – Papyrus EA10869 purchased from George Anastase Michaelides

1977 – Papyrus EA10874 purchased from George Anastase Michaelides

1977 – Papyrus EA10876 purchased from George Anastase Michaelides

1977 – Papyrus EA10906 purchased from George Anastase Michaelides

1977 – Papyrus EA10907 purchased from George Anastase Michaelides

1992 – Milan Papyrus purchased

1992 – Manuscript EA74118 acquired

1996 – Papyrus EA75028 acquired by William John Bankes

1996 – Papyrus EA75029 acquired by William John Bankes

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Some of the people listed above;

Henry Salt (June 1780-1827)
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Henry_Salt_(Egyptologist)

Anthony Charles Harris (1790-1869)
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Anthony_Charles_Harris

John Calvert???
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_Calvert_(died_1844)

Henri Edouard Naville
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Édouard_Naville

Rev Chauncey Murch
https://www.britishmuseum.org/research/search_the_collection_database/term_details.aspx?bioId=100005

George Anastase Michaelides (1900-1973)
https://www.britishmuseum.org/research/search_the_collection_database/term_details.aspx?bioId=52677

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References;

(1) – https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_ancient_Egyptian_papyri

(2) – https://www.britishmuseum.org

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