Biblical Manuscripts Origins

This article traces Biblical manuscripts to their earliest confirmable date. It is far from extensive, so please email me information if you would like it added. The Papyrus are numbered mostly, if not wholly, based on the Gregory-Aland numbering.

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1475 – Codex Vaticanus discovered

1477?-1593? – Codex Gigas (Devil’s Bible) kept in a library in Broumov

after 1500 – Codex Complutensis I purchased?

1538 – Codex Sangermanensis I partially used in Robert Estienne’s Bible

after 1530s – Codex Claromontanus first examined (first published in 1821)

1545 – Codex Bezae (collated and transcribed by 1717) referenced at Council of Trent

1636 – Codex Laudianus donated (first published 1715?)

c.1638 – Codex Corbeiensis I transferred (edited 1695), transferred again c.1800

c.1638 – Codex Corbeiensis II transferred

after 1655 – Codex Sangermanensis examined (collated in 1805)

after 1655 – Lectionary 1 examined (C.R.Gregory saw it in 1885)

1670 – Codex Boernerianus (text first published 1791)

1676 – Lectionary 3 brought to England

1677 – Book of Durrow noted to exist

1689 – Codex Carolinus purchased (published in 1762)

1690 – Stockholm Codex Aureus purchased

after 1700 – Lectionary 2 examined and described

1700s – Codex Demidovianus (now lost) owned by Paul Demidov Gregorovich

after 1710 – Codex Veronensis examined by Giuseppe Bianchini

1717 – Codex Vindobonensis Lat. 1235 brought to Vienna

1718 – Codex Augiensis owned by Richard Bentley (edited in 1859)

1736 – Codex Assemanius discovered by Guiseppe Simone Assemani, bought it in Jerusalem

1740 – Muratorian Canon published

1740 – Codex Toletanus published (collated c.1569?)

1757 – Codex Monacensis appears?

1761 – potential discovery of Codex Sinaiticus by Vitaliano Donati

1773 – Codex Sangallensis 48 examined

1786 – Codex Amiantinus (primary source of the Vulgate)(first published in 1889)

1787 – Codex Dublinensis discovered by John Barrett

1790 – Codex Claromontanus V purchased

after 1800 – Codex Theodulphianus examined and described

after 1800 – Codex Sangallensis 907 examined?

1800-1829 – Codex Palatinus acquired

after 1830 – León palimpsest discovered

after 1830 – Codex Curiensis discovered by Basilius Hidber?

1838 – Leningrad Codex transferred to Imperial Library in St. Petersburg

after 1840 – Codex Mediolanensis discovered by Antonio Maria Ceriani

1843 – Codex Zograpgensis discovered in Zograf Monastery on Mount Athos by Antun Mihanović

1843 – Codex Speculum first published

1844-1845 – Codex Marianus discovered at Mount Athos by Viktor Grigorovich

1846 – Rev. Charles Graves deciphers Book of Armagh (Codex Ardmachanus)

1850 – Codex Euchologium Sinaiticum discovered in Saint Catherine’s Monastery, Egypt

1850 – Psalterium Sinaiticum discovered in Saint Catherine’s Monastery, Egypt

1856 – Frisingensia Fragmenta examined

1868 – Codex Fuldensis first published

1872 – Codex Purpureus Sarzanensis discovered

after 1876 – Codex Sangermanensis II examined

after 1880 – Codex Sangallensis 1395 published (considered oldest manuscript of Latin Vulgate)

1882 – Papyrus 3 published

1884 – Codex Usserianus Primus first collated

1884 – Fragmenta Bernensia edited

1887 – Codex Vindobonensis Lat. 502 transcribed and published

1888 – Codex Colbertinus edited

1889 – Codex Floriancensis’ full text first published (fragments first found after 1800?)

1890 – Papyrus 14 published

1897 – Papyrus 1 discovered

1897 – Papyrus 12 discovered

1897 – Papyrus 13 discovered

1898 – Nash Papyrus acquired in Egypt by W L Nash

Late 1800s-Early 1900s – Oxyrhynchus Papyri discovered (P5, P10, P12, P13, P15-P24, P26-P30, P39, P51, P69-P71, P77, P78, P90, P100-P115, P119-125, P127, P132, P133, P137-P139)

1900s – Damascus Pentateuch purchased by David Solomon Sassoon

early 1900s – Codex Vercellensis restored and stabilized

1901 – Magdalen papyrus (P64 and P67) purchased

1903 – Papyrus 7 examined

1903 – P137 probably discovered

1908 – Papyrus 6 published

1910 – Codex Gatianum published

1913 – Codex Rehdigeranus edited and published

1920 – Rylands Library Papyrus P52 discovered

1924 – P37 and P38 purchased

1927 – Papyrus 8 published

1931 – Papyrus 49 purchased

1931 – Chester Beatty Papyri (P45-P47, P97, P99) announced

1933 – Papyrus 50 purchased

1938 – Codex Cairensis deposited at Hebrew University in Jerusalem

1939 – Papyrus Fouad 266 discovered

1945 – Papyrus Osloensis (P62) published

1946-1956 – DSS discovered

1952 – Bodmer Papyri (P66, P72, P73, P74, P75) discovered

1952 – Papyrus 75 discovered

1957 – Diatessaron discovered

1958 – Aleppo Codex reappears

1960s – Manuscript M9.10 discovered

1971 – P98 (IFAO) published

1979 – Silver Scrolls discovered

2000 – Papyrus 116 edited by A. Papathomas, sold in 2017 to Martin Shkreli

2003 – Papyrus 126 announced, published in 2008

2009 – Cod. M. p. th. f. 67

2012 – The Gospel of Jesus’ Wife

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References:

(1) – Lots of Google searches

(2) – https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_New_Testament_papyri

(3) – https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_New_Testament_Latin_manuscripts

(4) –
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_New_Testament_lectionaries

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