Topical Calendar Bibliography

This bibliography contains books organized by topics.


Eade, J. C. The Calendrical Systems of Mainland South-East Asia. Leiden, The Netherlands, Brill Academic Publishers, 1995.

Henning, Edward. Kalacakra and the Tibetan Calendar (Treasury of the Buddhist Sciences). New York, American Institute of Buddhist Studies, 2007.

Hoskins, Janet. The Play of Time: Kodi Perspectives on Calendars, History, and Exchange. Revised, University of California Press, 1997.

Martzloff, Jean-Claude. Astronomy and Calendars – The Other Chinese Mathematics. New York, United States, Springer Publishing, 2016.


Dowd, Anne, and Susan Milbrath. Cosmology, Calendars, and Horizon-Based Astronomy in Ancient Mesoamerica. 1st ed., University Press of Colorado, 2015.

Freidel, David, et al. Maya E Groups: Calendars, Astronomy, and Urbanism in the Early Lowlands (Maya Studies). 1st ed., Gainesville, Florida, University Press of Florida, 2017.

Greene, Candace. One Hundred Summers: A Kiowa Calendar Record. Illustrated, China, University of Nebraska Press, 2009.

Malmström, Vincent. Cycles of the Sun, Mysteries of the Moon: The Calendar in Mesoamerican Civilization. Illustrated, University of Texas Press, 1997.

Milbrath, Susan. Star Gods of the Maya: Astronomy in Art, Folklore, and Calendars (The Linda Schele Series in Maya and Pre-Columbian Studies). 1st ed., Austin, Texas, University of Texas Press, 1999.

Pharo, Kirkhusmo Lars. The Ritual Practice of Time: Philosophy and Sociopolitics of Mesoamerican Calendars (Early Americas: History and Culture). Brill, 2014.

Rice, Prudence. Maya Calendar Origins: Monuments, Mythistory, and the Materialization of Time (The William and Bettye Nowlin Series in Art, History, and Culture of the Western Hemisphere). Illustrated, University of Texas Press, 2007.

Weeks, John, et al. Maya Daykeeping: Three Calendars from Highland Guatemala (Mesoamerican Worlds). Illustrated, Boulder, Colorado, University Press of Colorado, 2009.


Bickerman, E. J. Chronology of the Ancient World. Ithica, New York, Cornell University Press, 1968.

Croinin, Daibhi, et al. Late Antique Calendrical Thought and Its Reception in the Early Middle Ages. Turnhour, Belgium, Brepols, 2017.

Hannah, Robert. Time in Antiquity (Sciences of Antiquity). 1st ed., Routledge, 2009.

Plunket, M. Emmeline. Ancient Calendars and Constellations. London, John Murray, 1903.

Rosen, Ralph. Time and Temporality in the Ancient World. Illustrated, University of Pennsylvania Museum of Archaeology and Anthropology, 2004.

Stern, Sacha. Calendars in Antiquity: Empires, States, and Societies. 1st ed., Oxford University Press, 2012.


Nothaft, Philipp. Dating the Passion: The Life of Jesus and the Emergence of Scientific Chronology (200–1600) (Time, Astronomy, and Calendars). Brill, 2011.


Bagnall, Roger Shaler, and Klaas Anthony Worp. Chronological Systems of Byzantine Egypt: Second Edition. Brill, 2004.

Barak, On. On Time: Technology and Temporality in Modern Egypt. First, University of California Press, 2013.

Clagett, Marshall. Ancient Egyptian Science: A Source Book. Volume Two: Calendars, Clocks, and Astronomy. Illustrated, Philadelphia, American Philosophical Society, 2004.

Parker, Richard. The Calendars of Ancient Egypt. The University of Chicago Press, 1950.


Grafton, Anthony. Joseph Scaliger: A Study in the History of Classical Scholarship. Volume I: Textual Criticism and Exegesis (Oxford-Warburg Studies). 1st ed., Clarendon Press, 1983.

Grafton, Anthony. Joseph Scaliger: A Study in the History of Classical Scholarship. Volume II: Historical Chronology (Oxford-Warburg Studies). 1st ed., Clarendon Press, 1994.

Mondschein, Kenneth. On Time: A History of Western Timekeeping. Illustrated, Johns Hopkins University Press, 2020.

Nothaft, Philipp. Scandalous Error: Calendar Reform and Calendrical Astronomy in Medieval Europe. Illustrated, Oxford University Press, 2018.


Jensen, Phebe. Astrology, Almanacs, and the Early Modern English Calendar. 1st ed., Routledge, 2020.

Karasawa, Kazutomo. The Old English Metrical Calendar (Menologium). Cambridge, D.S. Brewer, 2015.


Champion, Matthew, et al. Peter de Rivo on Chronology and the Calendar (Ancient and Medieval Philosophy–Series 1, 57). Leuven University Press, 2020.

Perovic, Sanja. The Calendar in Revolutionary France: Perceptions of Time in Literature, Culture, Politics. Reprint, Cambridge University Press, 2012.

Shaw, Matthew. Time and the French Revolution: The Republican Calendar, 1789-Year XIV (Royal Historical Society Studies in History New Series). Great Britain, Royal Historical Society, 2011.


Aveni, Anthony. Empires of Time: Calendars, Clocks, and Cultures. 1st ed., Basic Books, 1989.

Bellenir, Karen. Religious Holidays and Calendars. Detroit, Michigan, Omnigraphics, 2004.

Ben-Dov, Jonathan, et al. Living the Lunar Calendar. Oxbow Books, 2012.

Evers, Liz. It’s About Time: From Calendars and Clocks to Moon Cycles and Light Years – A History. Michael O’Mara, 2013.

Galison, Peter. Einstein’s Clocks and Poincare’s Maps: Empires of Time. Illustrated, W. W. Norton & Company, 2004.

Gould, Stephen Jay. Time’s Arrow, Time’s Cycle: Myth and Metaphor in the Discovery of Geological Time. Harvard University Press, 1987.

Formichelli, Linda, and Eric Martin. Tools of Timekeeping: A Kid’s Guide to the History & Science of Telling Time (Tools of Discovery Series). Nomad Press, 2005.

Higginbotham, Charles. Precision Time Measures, Their Construction and Repair: A Manual of the Theory and Mechanical Laws Governing the Construction of Timekeeping Machines and Accepted Methods of Their Maintenance and Repairs. Chicago, Hazlitt & Walker, Publishers, 1913.

Macdonald, James Cecil. Chronologies and Calendars. London, William & Andrews Co., 1897.

Nilsson, Martin. Primitive Time-Reckoning; A Study in the Origins and First Development of the Art of Counting Time Among the Primitive and Early Culture Peoples. Lund, C.W.K. Gleerup, 1920.

Reingold, Edward, and Nachum Dershowitz. Calendrical Calculations: The Ultimate Edition. 4th ed., Cambridge University Press, 2018.

Richards, E. Mapping Time: The Calendar and its History. 1st ed., Oxford University Press, 1999.

Rooney, David. About Time: A History of Civilization in Twelve Clocks. W. W. Norton & Company, 2021.

Rosenberg, Daniel, and Anthony Grafton. Cartographies of Time. New York, Netherlands, Princeton Architectural Press, 2010.

Stern, Sacha. Calendars in the Making: The Origins of Calendars from the Roman Empire to the Later Middle Ages. Brill, 2021.

Steel, Duncan. Eclipse: The Celestial Phenomenon That Changed the Course of History. 1st ed., Joseph Henry Press, 2001.

Steele, John. Calendars and Years II: Astronomy and Time in the Ancient and Medieval World. Illustrated, Oxbow Books, 2011.

Toulmin, Stephen, and June Goodfield. The Discovery of Time. New edition, University of Chicago Press, 1982.

Whitrow, G. Time in History: Views of Time from Prehistory to the Present Day. Barnes & Noble Books, 2004.

Wigen, Kären, and Caroline Winterer. Time in Maps: From the Age of Discovery to Our Digital Era. First, University of Chicago Press, 2020.

Greek & Roman

Hannah, Robert. Greek and Roman Calendars: Constructions of Time in the Classical World. Illustrated, Bloomsbury, 2005.

Meritt, Benjamin. Athenian Year. First Edition, University of California Press, 1961.

Mikalson, N. The Sacred and Civil Calendar of the Athenian Year. Princeton, New Jersey, Netherlands, Princeton University Press, 1975.

Pasco-Pranger, Molly. Founding the Year: Ovid’s Fasti and the Poetics of the Roman Calendar (Mnemosyne, Supplements). Brill, 2006.

Planeaux, Christopher. The Athenian Year Primer: Attic Time-Reckoning and the Julian Calendar. Westphalia Press, 2021.

Pritchett, William Kendrick. Athenian Calendars and Ekklesias. Amsterdam, J.C. Gieben, 2001.

Rand, Christopher. Grecian Calendar. Oxford University Press, 1962.

Rüpke, Jörg, and Richardson. The Roman Calendar from Numa to Constantine. Hoboken, NJ, United States, Wiley, 2011.

Salzman, Michele Renee. On Roman Time: The Codex-Calendar of 354 and the Rhythms of Urban Life in Late Antiquity (Volume 17) (Transformation of the Classical Heritage). First, University of California Press, 1990.

Samuel, Alan. Greek and Roman Chronology: Calendars and Years in Classical Antiquity. 1972.

Turfa, Jean MacIntosh. Divining the Etruscan World: The Brontoscopic Calendar and Religious Practice. 1st ed., Cambridge University Press, 2012.


Blake, Stephen. Time in Early Modern Islam: Calendar, Ceremony, and Chronology in the Safavid, Mughal and Ottoman Empires. Cambridge University Press, 2013.

King, David. In Synchrony with the Heavens, Volume 1 Call of the Muezzin: (Studies I-IX) (Islamic Philosophy, Theology and Science. Texts and Studies). Brill, 2004.

King, David. In Synchrony with the Heavens, Volume 2 Instruments of Mass Calculation (2 Vols.): (Studies X-XVIII) (Islamic Philosophy, Theology and Science. Texts and Studies). Brill, 2005.


Henisch, Bridget Ann. The Medieval Calendar Year. 1st ed., Penn State University Press, 1999.

Near (Middle) East

Cohen, Mark. Festivals and Calendars of the Ancient Near East. Amsterdam, Netherlands, Amsterdam University Press, 1993.

Cohen, Mark. The Cultic Calendars of the Ancient Near East. Capital Decisions, 1993.

Fleming, Daniel. Time at Emar: The Cultic Calendar and the Rituals from the Diviner’s Archive (Mesopotamian Civilizations). 1st ed., Winona Lake, Indiana, Eisenbrauns, 2000.

Miller, Kassandra. Down to the Hour: Short Time in the Ancient Mediterranean and Near East (Time, Astronomy, and Calendars: Texts and Studies, 8). Illustrated, BRILL, 2019.

Shibata, Daisuke, and Shigeo Yamada. Calendars and Festivals in Mesopotamia in the Third and Second Millennia BC (Studia Chaburensia). Harrassowitz, 2021.


McLean, Adam. The Magical Calendar: A Synthesis of Magial Symbolism from the Seventeenth-Century Renaissance of Medieval Occultism (Magnum Opus Hermetic Sourceworks Series). 1st ed., Phanes Press, 2008.


Babcok, Bryan. Sacred Ritual: A Study of the West Semitic Ritual Calendars in Leviticus 23 and the Akkadian Text Emar 446 (Bulletin for Biblical Research Supplement). 1st ed., Winona Lake, Indiana, Eisenbrauns, 2014.

Beckwith, Roger. Calendar and Chronology, Jewish and Christian: Biblical, Intertestamental and Patristic Studies (Arbeiten Zur Geschichte Des Antiken Judentums Und Des Urchristentums, Bd. 33.). Brill, 2001.

Finegan, Jack. The Handbook of Biblical Chronology: Principles of Time Reckoning in the Ancient World and Problems of Chronology in the Bible. Revised, Peabody, Massachusetts, Hendrickson Publishers, Inc., 1998.

Jacobus, Helen. Zodiac Calendars in the Dead Sea Scrolls and Their Reception. Brill, 2014.

Nothaft, Philipp. Medieval Latin Christian Texts on the Jewish Calendar: A Study with Five Editions and Translations. Illustrated, Brill, 2014.

Parry, Donald, and Emanuel Tov. Dead Sea Scrolls Reader: Part 4, Calendrical and Sapiential Texts. Brill Academic Publishers, 2004.

Saulnier, Stéphane. Calendrical Variations in Second Temple Judaism. Leiden, The Netherlands, Brill, 2012.

Stern, Sacha. Calendar and Community: A History of the Jewish Calendar, 2nd Century BCE to 10th Century CE. 1st ed., Clarendon Press, 2001.

Stern, Sacha. The Jewish Calendar Controversy of 921/2 CE. Brill, 2019.

Stern, Sacha. Time and Process in Ancient Judaism. Littman Library of Jewish Civilization, 2003.

Stern, Sacha, and Charles Burnett. Time, Astronomy, and Calendars in the Jewish Tradition. 1st ed., Brill, 2014.

VanderKam, James. Calendars in the Dead Sea Scrolls: Measuring Time (The Literature of the Dead Sea Scrolls). New York, New York, Routledge, 1998.

Wagenaar, Jan. Origin and Transformation of the Ancient Israelite Festival Calendar (Beihefte Zur Zeitschrift Fur Altorientalische Und Biblische). 1., Aufl. ed., Harrassowitz, 2006.

One Comment on “Topical Calendar Bibliography

  1. You might want to have a look at Hamlet’s Mill: An Essay Investigating the Origins of Human Knowledge and Its Transmission Through Myth [Boston, 1969] by Giorgio de Santillana, a professor of the history of science at MIT, and Hertha von Dechend, a scientist at Johann Wolfgang Goethe-Universität. It’s a long time since I read it but it may be relevant. Worth a read even if it isn’t!


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