Romulus and Remus in Art

Romulus and Remus are the two legendary founders of the city of Rome. This article explores how they’ve been depicted artistically throughout time. The header image is a mosaic “of Romulus and Remus, dated 511 CE, at the Museum of Maarat an-Nouman”.

Click here to view my commentary on the origins of the names Romulus, Remus, and Rome.

Sculptures:

The Capitoline Wolf. The wolf part has been dated to the 11th-12th centuries, while Romulus and Remus date to the 15th century.
Photo by Klaus Heese. “Romulus and Remus suckled by the she-wolf, discovered by shepherds (back side).” It was found in 1880 or 1881 and dates to 124 AD.

Coins:

[source, page 601]
[source, page 602]

Mosaics:

This mosaic dates to the 4th-5th centuries AD.

Paintings:

“Ludovico Carracci (1555–1619) and/or Annibale Carracci (1560–1609), She-Wolf Suckling Romulus and Remus (1589-92), fresco, dimensions not known, Palazzo Magnani, Bologna, Italy.”
“Peter Paul Rubens (1577–1640), Romulus and Remus (1615-16), oil on canvas, 213 x 212 cm, Musei Capitolini, Rome, Italy.”
“Carlo Maratta (1625–1713), The Finding of Romulus and Remus (1680-92), oil on canvas, 263 x 394 cm, Bildergalerie (Sanssouci), Brandenburger Vorstadt, Germany. “
“Pietro da Cortona (1596–1669), Romulus and Remus Sheltered by Faustulus (c 1643), oil on canvas, 251 x 266 cm , Musée du Louvre, Paris.”
“Nicolas Mignard (1606–1668), The Shepherd Faustulus Bringing Romulus and Remus to His Wife (1654), oil on canvas, 148.5 × 145.1 cm, Dallas Museum of Art, Dallas, TX.”

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