This article is a brief introduction to the months of the Gregorian calendar. This article is primarily based on the findings presented in Chapter 1.7 of ‘Tsar of the Slavs’ (0). This article begins with an introduction that includes a concise history of some calendars, the twelve zodiacs, and some various New Years Eve datings. This article’s main body contains a concise overview of the twelve months of the Gregorian year. This article ends with a summary of conclusions.
~~~~~ ~~~~~ ~~~~~ ~~~~~
Calendar History, Zodiacs, and New Years Eve
This section briefly covers the Roman, Julian, Gregorian (1), and Byzantine calendars. It also provides some astrological information. An important fact to keep in mind for the rest of this article is that the letters ‘J’ and ‘I’ both represented the same sound until 1524 when Gian Giorgio Trissino marked the two letters as having different sounds (48).
The ancient Roman calendar (2) began its year with the month of March and has 10 months in total. This calendar is commonly believed to have been used in “ancient” Rome prior to 46BC (3). It is then believed to have been replaced by the Julian Calendar (4), a calendar allegedly composed by Sosigenes of Alexandria (5). Another important calendar to cite is the Byzantine calendar, which began its year on the first of September (6). According to (3), the Byzantine calendar was the official calendar of the Holy Roman Empire until abolished in 1806 by Napoleon. It is upon the Julian calendar that the Gregorian calendar was built. To keep this article concise I do not discuss all the calendars which I have reviewed. Instead, I have provided links to some of the notable ones; (7), (8), (9), (10), (11). For a greater list of calendars, check (15). For information on the calendar that the Roman one is based on, check (12) and (17).
Concerning the origins of the astronomical zodiacs; it is believed that the twelve (sometimes thirteen) signs appeared sometime before 1,500BC (39). These signs are commonly considered to have been around for more than a thousand years before the events contained in the Biblical Gospels. It may concluded that they contain no Christian symbols within them. However, in (40), we find that the aforementioned common belief may be incorrect. The first half of the zodiac may represent the real events of the 12th century (which is when the Gospel events may have happened), while the second half of the zodiac may represent the real events of the 14th-15th centuries. The astronomical sky maps of the north and south were created in the 15th-16th centuries. The astrological zodiac signs are thus concluded to have been partially created around the close of the 12th century and partially created around the era of the 14th-15th centuries. I conclude that the zodiacs were finalized by the end of the 15th century, just before the creation of not only the sky maps, but the calendar of which many people know and use today.
Concerning the differences in New Years Day. Our source (29) claims that the Romans, Hindus, and other ancient cultures celebrated New Year’s Day around or on April 1. It also reports that most of Europe would celebrate New Year’s Day on March 25. April1-March25 fall within the tropical zodiac (30) dates for Ares. The sidereal zodiac dates place this celebration in Pisces. The tropical zodiac may likely be the one used in the Western sources while the sidereal zodiac may likely be the one used by traditional Vedic astrologers. The ancient Byzantine calendar would celebrate New Year’s Day on September 1st, which would fall under Virgo on the tropical zodiac and Leo on the sidereal zodiac. Thus, New Year’s Day in the West may fall under the House of Ares, Pisces, or Virgo. This may have significance which is discussed further on in this article.
Pope Gregory XIII’s ‘Inter gravissimas’ is the papal bull that decreed the Gregorian calendar in 1582 (28). According to the wiki, the primary author of the Gregorian calendar was Aloysius Lilius (13). However, it appears that there were significant modifications made to the calendar by the 16th century astronomer, Christopher Clavius (14), after Lilius had died. Among the reforms that accompanied the adoption of this calendar was the designation of New Years Day to be on January the first (3). During the time of Pope Gregory XIII’s reforms, the year in France had traditionally begun on the 1st of April. This may be related to the origin of April Fools’ Day. From the same source, we find a list of countries and the respective years that they adopted the Gregorian calendar. I have taken the liberty to simplify the text into a list;
People/Country; Year they adopted the Gregorian calendar
All of Catholic Europe; 1587
Denmark, the Protestant Netherlands, and the Protestant German States; 1699-1700
United Kingdom; 1752
most of Eastern Europe; 1912-1917
Russia; following the Soviet Revolution in 1918
To summarize; the Gregorian calendar was created in the second half of the 16th century and was adopted across the world between the 17th to 20th centuries. The Julian calendar has proven to be more difficult for me track. I may create a more in depth guide to the history of the calendars in the future, but for now, it does appear to me that both the Julian and the Gregorian calendars were both officially created in the 16th century.
~~~~~ ~~~~~ ~~~~~ ~~~~~
The Twelve Months
The main four sources which I will be referencing in this section are (0), (18), (19), and (20). I have included this notice to inform you I will not be including these numbers after every claim in this section. The claims are nonetheless mainly based upon the aforementioned references provided. The months are examined in chronological order starting with January and ending with December. The titles of the months will be in English and Russian. The information pertaining to each month is formatted with “common” beliefs that are followed by “new” ideas. An additional note to keep in mind is that the first eight months are considered to be named after gods and people, while the last four months are named after numerals (being Sept = 7, Octo = 8, etc…).
‘January’ – (YANVAR’/yanvar’), (21), (22)
January is commonly associated with the Roman god Janus (23). Another god that January has been associated with is the Roman goddess Juno (32). Janus is commonly associated with war and peace, beginnings and endings. He is also sometimes associated with Portunus. Juno is commonly depicted bearing weapons and a goatskin, which is understandable because she is considered to be protector of the state. Today’s scholars have suggested that the word ‘Janus’ may have origins in the Indo-European root “yana-“ (Sanskrit), pronounced ‘YAW-NUH’, or “yah-“ (Avestan), pronounced ‘YAW’. I think Juno’s wearing of the goatskin will be important for later comments.
The zodiac signs that span across January are Sagittarius, Capricorn, and Aquarius. These three signs are traditionally ruled by the planets of Jupiter and Saturn. They are represented respectively by the Centaur, the Goat, and the Water Bearer.
Typically, the etymology of January is traced to the Latin word ‘Januarius’. As mentioned previously, January was not the start of the year in the ancient Roman calendar; March was. Although this month is typically attributed to the Roman god Janus, the idea has been put forth (24) that this month actually has its origins in honoring John the Baptist. The linguistic root of Janus is almost identical to John.
The linguistic root of Juno is also worth mentioning, which is sometimes equated to concepts of youth. As can be found in the Biblical Gospels, the story of the birth of John is an important one, as well as the birth of Christ. This connection in my opinion is not as strong as the connection to the linguistics of Janus, but these themes are worth noting due to the paralells between the comparative story elements. Juno and John are both depicted in goatskin in enough instances for it to be a significant relation. Another noted connection between the two is their rank amongst their people. They are both held to be highly respected guardian type figures.
At (24) you may find the sign Aquarius listed under reflections of John the Baptist. This may be due to the story of him bearing the water for Christ’s baptism, which gave him the title of “John the Baptist”. At (49) you may find it mentioned that John the Baptist is considered as “the forerunner of Jesus Christ”. This may have something to do with January preceding February on the calendar.
January and February may not have always been in this specific order. According to (46), when the Romans decided to add January and February between December and March, they did so so that the months lined up chronologically in the following order; December, February, January, March. Thus, observing February before January. These two months are closely related, and not just by their positions on the calendar.
‘February’ – (FEVRAL’/fevral’), (25), (26)
February is commonly associated with the Roman festival ‘Februa’ (27). Februa was a ritual that involved washing and purifying. This festival is also closely related to ‘Lupercalia’ (33). This latter festival is in honor of Faun, but more importantly for our article here, it was in honor of the wolf who nursed Romulus and Remus. The two children of whom may be closely related to Jesus Christ (Romulus) and John the Baptist (Remus) (24).
Typically, the etymology is traced to the Latin word ‘februum’ (purification, expiatory offerings). The origin of the commonly accepted Latin root has sketchy origins, possibly Sabine. The English derived their version of the name from the Old French ‘Feverier’. One source reports that the Latin word refers to an Etruscan word that means ‘purging’. The same source claims that the Februa festival took place from the 13th-15th of this month. A quick astrological connection can be made between tropical and sidereal zodiacs shifting from Capricorn to Aquarius (The Goat to the Water Bearer) and Aquarius to Pisces (The Water Bearer to The Fish). As is discussed later under this section, February is covered under the zodiacs of Capricorn, Aquarius, and Pisces. These three signs are traditionally ruled by the planets of Jupiter and Saturn.
Although this month is typically attributed to the Roman festival ‘Februa’, the idea has been put forth that this month actually has its origins in honoring Jesus Christ. This idea may be strengthened by the rituals of Februa and Lupercalia. Where Februa honors Christ specifically, Lupercalia honors the wolf, who is the mother (Mary) of Romulus and Remus. One more connection is the word ‘Februa’ to ‘Phoebes’/‘The Sun’ which is ‘Christ’. Stronger and more obvious connections may be made between the festival of purification and the role of Jesus Christ as the purifier of sins.
I add to this idea by drawing attention to January and February being considered together as two parts of one segment. January is often symbolized by Janus and Juno who in turn can be represented as respectively as ‘Water’ and ‘Goat’, in other words, a “sea-goat” (34). It may also be represented by the ‘Water-Bearer’ Aquarius. According to the tropical and sidereal zodiac dates; Capricorn spans from December23 – January20 and January16-February14. Aquarius spans from January21- February18 and February15 – March15, and Pisces spans from February19 – March20. We can safely say that the three zodiacs of Capricorn, Aquarius, and Pisces cover the entire months of January to February.
Are these zodiacal symbols Christian in origin? Could John the Baptist be partially reflected in the Houses of Capricorn and Aquarius? Could Jesus Christ be partially reflected in the House of Pisces? Potentially. There are parallels between John the Baptist and those two houses. There are also parallels between Jesus Christ and The Fish. Chances are you’ve seen the ‘Jesus Fish’ on a car bumper or two during your lifetime. Christ’s countless baptisms of others may also be an origin for the idea of ‘Christ in the Water’. It may be that these other events played a role in the creation of Jesus or John, but I maintain that it is more probably that the rest of these ideas have spawned out of Jesus and John, not the other way around.
January and February are the only two months that end in ‘-ary’. We have identified the root of January to potentially be from ‘Janus’, ‘Juno’, or ‘John’, and the root of February to potentially be from ‘Februa’, ‘Phoebes’, or ‘Christ’. But where does the suffix ‘-ary’ originate? Potentially it may be signifying ‘Month of Janus/Juno/John’/‘Month of Februa/Phoebes/Christ’. However, as we have noted, January and February are the only two months that end in the suffix ‘-ary’. Latin month is ‘mensis’.
I believe the suffix may be symbolizing ‘Mother Mary’. Where researchers before have not considered the potential Christian origin of these months due to popular beliefs, I posit the idea that January and February are the only two months that end in ‘ary’ because these two months are dedicated to the two children of the ‘Mother of God’. If this is so, then it would follow that January’s etymology can be traced to a primary concept of “John of Mary” and February’s etymology can be traced to a primary concept of “Christ of Mary”.
I suggest that these first two months were put in the front of the calendar with the knowledge that they represented Mary’s John and Christ, as these are three of the most important figures in the Gospels. However, in other regions of the world, March was the beginning of the calendar. If January and February may have Christian origins, what is to be said of March?
‘March’ – (MART/marsh), (35), (36)
March is the first month of the Roman year and is commonly associated with the Roman god Mars (41). The zodiacs that overlap March are Aquarius, Pisces, and Ares. These three signs are traditionally ruled by the planets of Jupiter, Saturn, and Mars respectively. The Roman god Mars may share similarities to Etruscan Maris (37). Additional figures which March may be related to are Ares, Horus, Laran, Macha, Maher, Manyu, Maru, and Montu. These figures may be expanded upon in a future article. You may be wondering by now; “Who is Mars?”
Mars is the Roman god of war. Romulus and Remus are considered to be his sons. The festivals that were held in his name lasted through October. His Greek counterpart is Ares.
The etymology of March is commonly traced to the Latin ‘Martius’. Our source (0) proposes the idea that this month belongs not to Mars or Ares, but to Mother Mary. This idea seemed shaky to me at first, but upon looking deeper, I have found information that may strengthen its case.
During my research, I have arrived at the conclusion that March honors not only Mother Mary, but Father Joseph as well. It may be recognized that January, February, and March create a trinity that generally marks the beginning of the year. According to my analysis, these three months may be comprised in honor of John the Baptist, Jesus Christ, and Christ’s parents, Joseph and Mary. Thus making up the historically most important members of Christ’s family tree, in other words, the ‘royal’ family tree.
Drawing mainly on (42), we can see that Joseph is not only associated with the god Horus, but the god Horus is a reflection of Joseph. That is, Horus is inspired by Joseph. There may not be much here at first glance, but one may keep in mind that Horus and Ra are considered to have merged into one figure at one point in time. Here the connections may become more apparent. March is the first month to be under the rule of the planet Mars. Mars the god and Ares the god are considered to be counterparts. March may also be inspired by Joseph and Mary, or recorded differently as Mary and Joseph. The Egyptian form of Mary and Joseph have been recorded as Isis and Horus. I conclude that Ra/Horus may share a common root with Ares/Mars, that being Joseph.
The Etruscan Maris is of importance here as well. He is commonly depicted as an infant or child. He is considered the son of Hercle. He appears in scenes which show an immersion rite ensuring his immortality. He has also shown possible connections to the centaur Mares.
The Mother Mary also has records of her as an infant and a child (43). Could the story of the Etruscan Maris contain records of the Mother Mary that were distorted when the official historical cannons were created? I believe so. These are simply my opinions, so there may be no connection between Mother Mary and Etruscan Maris. However, it does appear to me that Maris contains elements from both the stories of Mary and Christ, as well as being a war god like Joseph. This is also the first month which shows any potential connections to Sagittarius, the centaur. Recall that the zodiacs which encompass January through March are Sagittarius through Ares. This places a centaur within the timeframe of the first three months of the year, which may be a trinity of months that honor the royal ancestors. I am not aware of this connection being drawn anywhere else, so I have included it here for my overall collection of comparative data.
Back to the origins of the name of the month of March. It is commonly believed to originate with the Roman god Mars. As I have shown above, the Roman god Mars may be significantly related to Ares, Maris, Ra, and Horus. These four figures share a common origin in Joseph. Mars may also be related to Maris, which above is shown to be a potential reflection of Mother Mary. To conclude; March may very well be named after the parents of Christ, being Mary and Joseph.
This concludes the first three months of the year which can be considered a complete segment which honors Christ’s family. The symbolism of the Centaur, the Goat, the Water-Bearer, the Fish, and the Ram compose the symbols which fall over these months and may be of Christian origin, which opposes today’s common opinion. I invite my readers to send me information of their own studies on these months to see what else surfaces, be it in support or against the concept of them being based on this royal family.
‘April’ – (APREL/aprel’), (44), (45)
April is commonly associated with the Roman god Venus. The etymology is typically traced to the Latin ‘Aprilis’. It arrives into English from the Latin through the Old French ‘Avril’ into the Middle English ‘Averil’ into the modern name. Arguments have been made that claim the name April (Aprilis/Aphrilis) has origins in the Greek Aphrodite or the Etruscan Apru. Our primary source posits the idea that the etymology may be traced backwards from April to the Old French ‘Avril’ to emperor Avrelian/Aurelian (47). The authors do not believe this ruler to be an actual person from around 1,800 years ago, but a reflection of a person who lived between the 13th-14th centuries. This month may be related to the Biblical Abraham. Root AVR = Abraham/Aurelian/April/Avril.
France was a country that began its year on April 1 when the Gregorian calendar was being introduced across the world. Could this have anything to do with it marking the beginning of honoring the next important figures of the royal lineage of Christ? It is by far not a common thought today to associate April with the Biblical Abraham, but this article may raise the thought’s commonality.
The Biblical Abraham is recorded as having a famous covenant with God. God promises Abraham that his family will be protected and they will inherit the Promised Land. There is a common theme of fertility and reproduction between Abraham and Venus.
The zodiac signs which fall over the month of April are Pisces, Ares, and Taurus. I want to keep this article short but do mention that while looking into all these characters, they all seemed to show many commonalities. This actually happened for all the months, which is why I may create separate articles for each month.
This month may owe its significance to the descendants of the first three months. These descendants would give birth to the famous historic figure Genghis Khan, of who supposedly claims 1 out of every 200 people as his descendant. This month goes hand-in-hand with may.
‘May’ – (MAI/may), (50), (51)
May is commonly associated with the Roman goddess Maiesta. The etymology may be traced through the Latin Maius to the Greek Maia. Our primary source suggests that this month may be truly traced to the wife of Aurelian. It is noted that Maia was considered the wife of Vulcan, which may be considered “Bel-Khan” or “White-Khan”. There may even be an etymological connection between Maia and Sarah (Sarai).
The zodiac signs that fall over the month of May are Ares, Taurus, and Gemini. The Ram and the Bull are obvious enough in their relation to the characters here, but what of the Twins? As may become clear, the Twins are the founding brothers of the Great Empire. The Twins are the offspring of the characters which Abraham and Sarah are based upon, potentially recorded as Isaac and Ishmael.
Thus, April and May go hand-in-hand as honoring the descendants of Christ and the progenitors of the future empire.
‘June’ (IYUN’/iyun’), (52), (53)
June is commonly associated with the Roman god Juno. The etymology may be traced to the Latin Junius. You may recall that January is also believed by some to be named after Juno. Perhaps from their pantheon of god they only worshiped a couple? My guess is probably that these are not based on the Roman and Greek gods as is commonly believed.
It may have already occurred to you that this month is the first month of the Twins. The first twin may be identified with Prester John, who has been shown in the New Chronology to be based upon the same person as Batu Khan. These names may be interchangeable. Batu Khan is the brother of Genghis Khan. In the Scaligerian chronology, Batu Khan has been erroneously identified as the grandson of Genghis Khan. The etymology may then be traced from June to potentially Batu Khan/Ivan Kalita/Prester John.
The zodiac signs which fall over the month of June are Taurus, Gemini, and Cancer. The obvious sign here is the Twins, which falls over the bulk of the month. This month is ruled by the planet Mercury. One may be made aware that the god Mercury is the son of Maia, associated with May. This connection is not made in the Scaligerian chronology because Hera and Maia are both contemporaries of the Bull, Zeus. Here though we may identify June and July as the twins, with April and May being their ancestors.
‘July’ (IYUL’/iyul’), (54), (55)
July is commonly associated with the Roman emperor Julius. The etymology may be traced to the Latin Julius (Caesar). The original name was supposedly quintilis, meaning “fifth month”.
I propose that the common associations may be wrong. Rather than a conceited emperor placing himself among the gods, I second the idea presented in the primary source. That being; July is the second half of the Twins, being represented by Genghis Khan, the brother of Batu Khan (June). June and July on the Scaligerian chronology are only close in name and spot on the calendar, the New Chronology may provide insight into the real reasons as to why the months are the way they are.
In the New Chronology, it is claimed that June and July are the Twins and descendants of April and May. In the Scaligerian chronology, these two months have no relationship. One factor that I’ve considered pertaining to July being marked as ’the fifth month’ is the Vatican being founded by Batu Khan, and perhaps some hostility between spectators of the (Twins) brothers had originally tried to wipe the importance of July’s relation to June. Later this would give rise to the common notion that the beginning ancestral months were for gods, and only here on the calendar do “real” people enter. Given the six previous months, and the one following month, I believe the New Chronology provides a more likely model of what may have happened in the past.
The zodiac signs that fall over July are Gemini, Cancer, and Leo. These houses are traditionally ruled by the planets Mercury, Moon, and Sun. One final note concerning the twins is the Biblical story of Isaac’s twins. One may also note the similarities between the Cancer’s sign as two identical symbols, aka twins. The crab (58) also shows close connections with the offspring of Zeus; two of which are identified in the New Chronology as John (June) and George (July).
‘August’ (AVGUST/avgusteyshiy), (56), (57)
August is commonly associated with the Roman emperor Augustus. The etymology may be traced to the same emperor, being Caesar Augustus. The zodiac signs which fall over August are Cancer, Leo, and Virgo. The tropical zodiac places Leo as the main sign over August.
Given that we have identified January, February, and March as potentially honoring the original royal family of Christ’s parents and brother, April and May as potentially honoring the descendants of Christ and the progenitors of the Great Empire’s two founding brothers, and June and July as these founding brothers, it may follow that there would be a trace of this Empire be honored in August.
The character suggested in the New Chronology for which August is honoring is Dmitry Donskoy (59). This person falls in the New Chronology timeline after the founding brothers. He is famous for his victory at the 1380 Battle of Kulikovo, where cannons and firearms were first introduced into warfare. This character has strong connections to images of fire and lions, the very concepts underlying the sign of Leo. He is also the character from which the mediaeval European king derive their origins.
This month begins the months that remain to be named after numbers. September is the 7th month on the calendar that begins in March. However, as you may recall from earlier, this is the most on which begins the ancient Byzantine calendar. Although this month is assigned a number, I propose the idea that this month honors Mother Mary. Virgo is the primary sign that falls over the month. Thus beginning the New Year by honoring Mother Mary. This in my opinion is not as strong as the previous arguments for each month, but worth noting nonetheless.
This month is the 8th month on the calendar that begins in March. This is supposedly when the war festivals end on the Roman calendar, and also happens to be primarily represented by the Scales (Libra). Potentially this is due to the connection between John the Baptist and Janus being the ringer in of peace and war. Again, I believe that these connections are looser than the initial ones.
This month is the 9th month on the calendar that begins in March. This is also the only other month mainly ruled by the planet Mars. Is it a coincide that the other two beginning months (Jan and Feb) are followed by a war god? September, October, and November may represent the same figures as January, February, and March. This is my idea though, and it may change as I learn more.
This month is the 10th month on the calendar that begins in March and the final month on the Gregorian calendar. This is by far the weirdest sign that seems to be on the zodiac, however it may be noted that the Centaur represents a teacher and hunter figure. Perhaps this is Christ? The Bow of Krishna (Christ)/ the Centaur’s Bow / Bow of Sagittarius? Potentially all coincidences. This may be expanded in a future article specifically on December.
~~~~~ ~~~~~ ~~~~~ ~~~~~ ~~~~~ ~~~~~ ~~~~~
The twelve months of the Gregorian calendar are primarily based upon Biblical events. The first eight months represent the lineage of Christ. The last four months are named after numbers but still hold symbols which may be Christian in origin. The common beliefs of popular Roman and Greek origins appear to be based on the claims of people who could not have cross analyzed the data of which we can analyze today thanks to the internet, thus based on claims which were formed in an era lacking important information.
The months summarized are as follows;
January – John the Baptist
February – Jesus Christ
March – Mary and Joseph
April – Abraham
May – Sarai
June – Prester John
July – George the Victorious
August – Dmitry Donskoy
September – 7th
October – 8th
November – 9th
December – 10th
~~~~~ ~~~~~ ~~~~~ ~~~~~
~~~~~ ~~~~~ ~~~~~ ~~~~~
~~~~~ ~~~~~ ~~~~~ ~~~~~